pH-Induced Modulation of One- and Two-Photon Absorption Properties in a Naphthalene-Based Molecular Probe
2013 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, ISSN 1549-9618, E-ISSN 1549-9626, Vol. 9, no 8, 3660-3669 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Presently, there is a great demand for small probe molecules that can be used for two-photon excitation microscopy (TPM)-based monitoring of intracellular and intraorganelle activity and pH. The candidate molecules should ideally possess a large two-photon absorption cross section with optical properties sensitive to pH changes. In the present work, we investigate the potential of a methoxy napthalene (MONAP) derivative for its suitability to serve as a pH sensor using TPM. Using an integrated approach rooted in hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics, the structures, dynamics, and the one- and two-photon properties of the probe in dimethylformamide solvent are studied. It is found that the protonated form is responsible for the optical property of MONAP at moderately low pH, for which the calculated pH-induced red shift is in good agreement with experiments. A 2-fold increase in the two-photon absorption cross section in the IR region of the spectrum is predicted for the moderately low pH form of the probe, suggesting that this can be a potential probe for pH monitoring of living cells. We also propose some design principles aimed at obtaining control of the absorption spectral range of the probe by structural tuning. Our work indicates that the integrated approach employed is capable of capturing the pH-induced changes in structure and optical properties of organic molecular probes and that such in silico tools can be used to draw structure-property relationships to design novel molecular probes suitable for a specific application.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 8, 3660-3669 p.
Intracellular Ph, 2nd-Harmonic Generation, Polarity Indicators, Solvent Polarity, Density, Microscopy, Systems, Spectra, Dyes, Conformation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128489DOI: 10.1021/ct400357tISI: 000323193500039ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84882430775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-128489DiVA: diva2:648099
QC 201309132013-09-132013-09-122013-09-13Bibliographically approved