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Mesoporous dye-sensitized solar cells
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4521-2870
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2012 (English)In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elsevier, 2012, Vol. 1, 481-496 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Photovoltaics, or solar cells, are fast growing both with regards to industrialization and research. Globally, the total PV installation is around 40 GW and an annual growth rate of 45% has been experienced over recent years. In the comparison between different photovoltaic technologies a figure of merit is the production cost per peak watt of solar electricity produced. For so called second generation thin film solar cells production costs down to and even below 1 $/W-1 peak are reported. To be competitive with conventional energy sources for large-scale electricity production new PV technologies need to aim at production costs below 0.5 $/W-1 peak. The dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) is a molecular solar cell technology which have the potential to achieve production costs below 0.5 $/W-1 peak. DSC is based on molecular and nanometer-scale components. Record cell efficiencies of 12%, promising stability data and means of energy efficient production methods have been accomplished. As selling points for the DSC technology the prospect of low-cost investments and fabrication are key features. DSCs offer the possibilities to design solar cells with a large flexibility in shape, color, and transparency. This chapter describes the basic principles of the operation of DSC, the state-of-the-art, the materials development that is currently taking place as well as the potentials for future development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 1, 481-496 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128961DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-087872-0.00123-2ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84882899893ISBN: 978-008087873-7OAI: diva2:649838

QC 20130919

Available from: 2013-09-19 Created: 2013-09-17 Last updated: 2013-09-19Bibliographically approved

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Sun, LichengKloo, Lars
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