Pedestal study across a deuterium fuelling scan for high delta ELMy H-mode plasmas on JET with the carbon wall
2013 (English)In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 53, no 8, 083028- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present the results from a new fuelling scan database consisting of 14 high triangularity (delta similar to 0.41), type I ELMy H-mode JET plasmas. As the fuelling level is increased from low, (Gamma(D) similar to 0.2 x 10(22) el s(-1), n(e),(ped)/n(GW) = 0.7), to high dosing (Gamma(D) similar to 2.6 x 10(22) el s(-1), n(e, ped)/n(GW) = 1.0) the variation in ELM behaviour is consistent with a transition from 'pure type I' to 'mixed type I/II' ELMs (Saibene et al 2002 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 44 1769). However, the pulses in this new database are better diagnosed in comparison to previous studies and most notable have pedestal measurements provided by the JET high resolution Thomson scattering (HRTS) system. We continue by presenting, for the first time, the role of pedestal structure, as quantified by a least squares mtanh fit to the HRTS profiles, on the performance across the fuelling scan. A key result is that the pedestal width narrows and peak pressure gradient increases during the ELM cycle for low fuelling plasmas, whereas at high fuelling the pedestal width and peak pressure gradient saturates towards the latter half of the ELM cycle. An ideal MHD stability analysis shows that both low and high fuelling plasmas move from stable to unstable approaching the ideal ballooning limit of the finite peeling-ballooning stability boundary. Comparison to EPED predictions show on average good agreement with experimental measurements for both pedestal height and width however when presented as a function of pedestal density, experiment and model show opposing trends. The measured pre-ELM pressure pedestal height increases by similar to 20% whereas EPED predicts a decrease of 25% from low to high fuelling. Similarly the measured pressure pedestal width widens by similar to 55%, in poloidal flux space, whereas EPED predicts a decrease of 20% from low to high fuelling. We give two possible explanations for the disagreement. First, it may be that EPED under predicts the critical density, which marks the transition from kink-peeling to ballooning-limited plasmas. Second, the stronger broadening of the experimental pedestal width than predicted by EPED is an indication that other transport related processes contribute to defining the pedestal width such as enhanced inter-ELM transport as observed at high fuelling, for mixed type I/II ELMy pulses.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 53, no 8, 083028- p.
transitions, Critical density, High resolution, MHD stability, Pedestal structure, Pressure pedestal, Stability boundaries, Thomson scattering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-129122DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/53/8/083028ISI: 000322794000030ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84881421112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-129122DiVA: diva2:650173
QC 201309202013-09-202013-09-192013-09-20Bibliographically approved