High-Directivity MEMS-Tunable Directional Couplers for 10–18-GHz Broadband Applications
2013 (English)In: IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques, ISSN 0018-9480, E-ISSN 1557-9670, Vol. 61, no 9, 3236-3246 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper reports on two novel concepts of areaefficient, ultra-wideband, MEMS-reconfigurable coupled line directional couplers, whose coupling is tuned by mechanically changing the geometry of 3-D micromachined coupled transmission lines, utilizing integrated MEMS electrostatic actuators. Concept 1 is based on symmetrically changing the geometry of the ground coupling of each signal line, while Concept 2 is simultaneously varying both the ground coupling and the coupling between the two signal lines. This enables uniform and well predictable performance over a very large frequency range, in particular a constant coupling ratio while maintaining an excellent impedance match, along with high isolation and a very high directivity. For an implemented micromachined prototype 3-to-6 dB coupler based on Concept 1, the measured isolation is better than 16 dB, and the return loss and directivity are better than 10 dB over the entire bandwidth from 10 to 18 GHz. Concept 2 presents an even more significant improvement. For an implemented 10-to-20 dB prototype based on Concept 2, the measured isolation is better than 40 dB and the return loss is better than 15 dB over the entire bandwidth from 10 to 18 GHz for both states. The directivities for both states are better than 22 dB and 40 dB, respectively, over the whole frequency range. The measured data fits the simulation very well, except for higher through-port losses of the prototype devices. All devices have been implemented in an SOI RF MEMS fabrication process. Measured actuation voltages of the different actuators are lower than 35 V. Reliability tests were conducted up to 500 million cycles without device degradation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2013. Vol. 61, no 9, 3236-3246 p.
Coupled-line coupler, RF microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), micromachined transmission line, micromachining, tunable directional coupler
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-129308DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2013.2273763ISI: 000325655900009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883741451OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-129308DiVA: diva2:651420
QC 201310222013-09-252013-09-252014-03-28Bibliographically approved