Interaction between structure and water in seismic analyses of nuclear facilities
2013 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The objective of this paper is to evaluate different approaches to account for fluid-structure interaction (FSI) in seismic analyses of nuclear facilities. Different methods to account for FSI, from simplified to highly advanced numerical methods, are briefly reviewed and some important concepts are discussed. A benchmark example of a simple tank sloshing problem is included to evaluate the use of different FSI methods.
The main conclusion from the study is that it is of great significance to first of all include the effect of FSI. When considering the response of a tank subjected to a load of periodic nature, as in the benchmark example, the hydrodynamic effects are very important, since they increase the load effect on the structure. It is also observed that the simplified methods, in which the hydrodynamic effects are included as a mass-spring system, results in much higher stresses in the structure than if the fluid is included as continuum elements. However, the more advanced methods lead to extra computational time and also require more from the analyst. With the focus of this project being the global response of the structure, most methods describe the fluid unnecessarily complicated and phenomena such as splashing and turbulence are of little interest. The main aspects that influence the structure are the mass and inertia of the fluid along with the surface waves, the sloshing. Considering this, simplified methods such as elements with acoustic equations, and even mass-spring systems, to represent the fluid, often give results that are accurate enough.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-129557OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-129557DiVA: diva2:652919
22nd Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology, San Francisco, California, USA, August 18-23, 2013
NV 201404302013-10-022013-10-022014-05-19Bibliographically approved