Sampling and Analysis of Tars by Means of Photo Ionization Detection and Solid Phase Micro Extraction
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Gasification of biomass will likely play an important role in the production of energy and chemicals in a future sustainable society. However, during gasification impurities, such as tars, will be formed. Tars may cause fouling and blockages of equipment downstream the gasifier. It is therefore important to minimize the formation of tars, alternatively to remove the formed tars. These processes need to be monitored, which makes it necessary to develop tar analysis methods suitable for this task.
This work describes the development of two tar analysis methods, an on-line method based on a photoionization detector (PID) and an off-line method based on solid phase microextraction (SPME). Both methods were successfully validated against the established solid phase adsorption (SPA) method.
The method based on PID was shown to have a very fast response time. Furthermore, the PID method is selective towards tar, but only limited information will be obtained regarding the composition of the tar compounds. The PID method is suitable for applications where it is important to detect fast changes of the tar concentration, i.e. process monitoring.
The SPME method was shown to be a very sensitive method for qualitative and quantitative tar analysis. The sampling temperature was shown to be crucial for obtaining analysis results with the wanted detection limit. The SPME method is suitable for applications where extremely low detection and quantification limits are needed, i.e. for syngas production.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , viii, 77 p.
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2013:39
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-131115ISBN: 978-91-7501-861-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-131115DiVA: diva2:654635
2013-10-25, E3, Lindstedtsvägen 3, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
de Jong, Wiebren, Ass. Prof.
Engvall, Klas, Professor
QC 201310092013-10-092013-10-082013-10-09Bibliographically approved
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