Nordic experience and experiments of modeling digital I&C systems in PSA
2012 (English)In: 8th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies 2012, NPIC and HMIT 2012: Enabling the Future of Nuclear Energy, 2012, 278-290 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
The OECD/NEA CSNI Working Group on Risk Assessment (WGRisk) has set up a task group called DIGREL to develop a taxonomy of failure modes of digital components for the purposes of probabilistic safety assessment (PSA). A parallel Nordic activity carried out a prestudy where a comparison of Nordic experiences and a literature review were performed. The study showed a wide range of approaches and solutions to the challenges given by digital I&C, and also indicated that no state-of-the-art currently exists. An existing simplified PSA model has been complemented with fault tree models for a four-redundant distributed protection system in order to study and demonstrate the effect of design features and modelling approaches. The model has been used to test the effect of CCF modelling, fail-safe principle and voting logic. The example shows that even rather simple I&C design leads to rather complex model despite of the fact that many things have been simplified and only a few protection signals are considered. One lesson from the example is that the Alpha factor model should be used to model CCF: s instead of the Beta factor model. Two options were developed to the comparison of different fail-safe principles. The role of detectable and undetectable failure modes with respect to the failed versus spurious actuations can be clearly seen in the results, showing the importance to model these features in PSA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 278-290 p.
Digital I&C, Failure mode, Probabilistic safety assessment, Reliability analysis, Taxonomy
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-129800ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84880488554ISBN: 978-162748015-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-129800DiVA: diva2:654650
8th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human-Machine Interface Technologies 2012: Enabling the Future of Nuclear Energy, NPIC and HMIT 2012; San Diego, CA; United States; 22 July 2012 through 26 July 2012
QC 201310082013-10-082013-10-042014-05-12Bibliographically approved