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Probability assignments to dispositions in ontologies
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
2012 (English)In: Front. Artif. Intell. Appl., 2012, 3-14 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We investigate how probabilities can be assigned to dispositions in ontologies, building on Popper's propensity approach. We show that if D is a disposition universal associated with a trigger T and a realization R, and d is an instance of D, then one can assign a probability to the triplets (d,T,R) and (D,T,R). These probabilities measure the causal power of dispositions, which can be defined as limits of relative frequencies of possible instances of T triggering an instance of R over a hypothetical infinite random sequence of possible instances of T satisfying certain conditions. Adopting a fallibilist methodology, these probability values can be estimated by relative frequencies in actual finite sequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 3-14 p.
, Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, ISSN 0922-6389 ; 239
Keyword [en]
causal power, frequency, probability, universal, upper ontology
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-129672DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-084-0-3ISI: 000349032100001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879221184ISBN: 9781614990833OAI: diva2:655386
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications

QC 20131011

Available from: 2013-10-11 Created: 2013-10-03 Last updated: 2015-10-06Bibliographically approved

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