Modification of the anticancer drug tamoxifen to avoid CYP2D6 polymorphism
2013 (English)In: Canadian journal of chemistry (Print), ISSN 0008-4042, E-ISSN 1480-3291, Vol. 91, no 9, 916-924 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The prodrug tamoxifen (TAM) is the most widely used drug to treat breast cancer, and is metabolised to the active 4-hydroxy derivatives dominantly by hepatic CYP2D6. However, the application to patients with different polymorphic CYP2D6 has been under debate, because the efficacy of TAM is suspected to be suppressed in patients who have diminished CYP2D6 activity, resulting in inadequate active metabolites. We here propose modified structures, such as 4-methylTAM, which is highly possible to be activated by CYP3A, the most abundant CYP isoforms in the liver, whereby the genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 is avoided. The diversity of CYP catalyzed metabolic paths for TAM and its derivatives are studied by quantum chemistry calculations on the reaction energies of the initial H atom abstraction steps. The ability of forming DNA adducts is compared through the formation enthalpy of the carbocation intermediate. The results suggest that the modified structures are safe with regard to forming DNA adducts and may be used as prodrugs in a wide range of patients, due to CYP3A, rather than CYP2D6, mediated activation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 91, no 9, 916-924 p.
SERM, cytochrome P450, DNA adducts, hydroxylation, dealkylation
Other Chemistry Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-131725DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2012-0537ISI: 000324304400018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84884678059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-131725DiVA: diva2:656884
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201310172013-10-172013-10-172013-10-17Bibliographically approved