Radiation induced corrosion of copper for spent nuclear fuel storage
2013 (English)In: Radiation Physics and Chemistry, ISSN 0969-806X, Vol. 92, 80-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The long term safety of repositories for radioactive waste is one of the main concerns for countries utilizing nuclear power. The integrity of engineered and natural barriers in such repositories must be carefully evaluated in order to minimize the release of radionuclides to the biosphere. One of the most developed concepts of long term storage of spent nuclear fuel is the Swedish KBS-3 method. According to this method, the spent fuel will be sealed inside copper canisters surrounded by bentonite clay and placed 500 m down in stable bedrock. Despite the importance of the process of radiation induced corrosion of copper, relatively few studies have been reported. In this work the effect of the total gamma dose on radiation induced corrosion of copper in anoxic pure water has been studied experimentally. Copper samples submerged in water were exposed to a series of total doses using three different dose rates. Unirradiated samples were used as reference samples throughout. The copper surfaces were examined qualitatively using IRAS and XPS and quantitatively using cathodic reduction. The concentration of copper in solution after irradiation was measured using ICP-AES. The influence of aqueous radiation chemistry on the corrosion process was evaluated based on numerical simulations. The experiments show that the dissolution as well as the oxide layer thickness increase upon radiation. Interestingly, the evaluation using numerical simulations indicates that aqueous radiation chemistry is not the only process driving the corrosion of copper in these systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 92, 80-86 p.
Corrosion, Copper, Gamma irradiation, Dose, Oxidation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-131704DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2013.06.033ISI: 000324609900015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883052341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-131704DiVA: diva2:657240
QC 201310182013-10-182013-10-172015-10-22Bibliographically approved