Shelf stability of nanofluids and its effect on thermal conductivity and viscosity
2013 (English)In: Measurement science and technology, ISSN 0957-0233, E-ISSN 1361-6501, Vol. 24, no 10, 105301- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study proposes a method and apparatus to estimate shelf stability of nanofluids. Nanofluids are fabricated by dispersion of solid nanoparticles in base fluids, and shelf stability is a key issue for many practical applications of these fluids. In this study, shelf stability is evaluated by measuring the weight of settled solid particles on a suspended tray in a colloid versus time and correlated with the performance change of some nanofluid systems. The effects of solid particle concentration and bath sonication time were investigated for selected nanofluids. The results show the applicability of this simple method and the apparatus to evaluate nanofluid shelf stability. Furthermore, it shows that Stokes' law is not valid for determining the settling time of the tested nanoparticles probably due to their complicated shape and presence of surface modifiers. The effect of shelf stability on thermal conductivity and viscosity was illustrated for some nanofluids. Experimental results show that water-based Al2O3 nanofluids have quite good shelf stability and can be good candidates for industrial applications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 24, no 10, 105301- p.
Al 2O3, balance, CeO2, china clay, Nanofluid, sedimentation, shelf stability, sonication
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133188DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/24/10/105301ISI: 000324621900032ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84884851197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133188DiVA: diva2:659895
QC 201310282013-10-282013-10-282015-01-26Bibliographically approved