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The darwin-breit magnetic interaction and superconductivity
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Theoretical and Applied Mechanics.
2013 (English)In: PIERS Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 12-15, 2013, Electromagnetics Academy , 2013, 1198-1202 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A number of facts indicating the relevance of the Darwin magnetic interaction energy in the superconducting phase are pointed out. The magnetic interaction term derived by Darwin is the same as the, so called, Breit term in relativistic quantum mechanics. While this term always is a small perturbation in few body systems it can be shown to be potentially dominating in systems of large numbers of electrons. It is therefore a natural candidate in the explanation of emergent phenomena - phenomena that only occur in sufficiently large systems. The dimensionless parameter that indicates the importance of the magnetic energy is the number of electrons times the classical electron radius divided by the size of the system. The number of electrons involved are only the electrons at the Fermi surface; electrons with lower energy cannot contribute to current density and thus not to the magnetic field. The conventional understanding of superconductivity has always been problematic and no really reductionistic derivation exists. The idea that the inductive inertia, due to magnetism, is important in the explanation of superconductivity was first advanced by Frenkel and later brought up by Welker before it was prematurely discarded. So were theories involving Wigner crystallization. We speculate that the answer requires the combination of a Wigner lattice and the Darwin interaction. We point out that the Darwin interaction can be shown to have the right order of magnitude to explain the energy scales involved in normal superconductors. The London magnetic moment of rotating superconductors and the Meissner effect and their connection are discussed next. The London moment is shown to indicate that the number of electrons involved in the superconducting condensate is such that the Darwin interaction cannot be neglected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Electromagnetics Academy , 2013. 1198-1202 p.
, Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, ISSN 1559-9450
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133157ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84884757420ISBN: 978-193414226-4OAI: diva2:660203
Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS 2013 Stockholm; Stockholm; Sweden; 12 August 2013 through 15 August 2013

QC 20131029

Available from: 2013-10-29 Created: 2013-10-28 Last updated: 2013-10-29Bibliographically approved

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Essén, Hanno
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