Alkanethiols as inhibitors for the atmospheric corrosion of copper induced by formic acid: Effect of chain length
2013 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, Vol. 160, no 6, C270-C276 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Self assembled monolayers (SAMs) of n-alkanethiols of different chain length (4, 6, 8, 12, and 18 carbons in the chain) have been explored as corrosion inhibitors for copper exposed to humidified air containing formic acid, an environment used to mimic accelerated indoor atmospheric corrosion. Near-surface sensitive in-situ infrared reflection/absorption spectroscopy combined with interface sensitive vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy revealed unique molecular information on the role of each SAM during ongoing corrosion. All SAMs protect copper against corrosion, and this ability increases continuously with chain length. Their structural order is high prior to exposure, but an increased disorder is observed as a result of the corrosion process. The protection ability of the SAMs is attributed to a selective hindrance of the corrosion stimulators water, oxygen gas, and formic acid to reach the copper-SAM interface through each SAM, which results in different corrosion mechanisms on SAM protected copper and unprotected copper. This significantly retards the formation of the corrosion products copper hydroxide and copper formate, and results in essentially no formation of cuprite.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 160, no 6, C270-C276 p.
Corrosion mechanisms, Corrosion products, Indoor atmospheric corrosions, Infrared reflections, Interface-sensitive, Molecular information, Structural ordering, Vibrational sum-frequency spectroscopies
Other Chemistry Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133255DOI: 10.1149/2.104306jesISI: 000320074700051ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84884332776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133255DiVA: diva2:660553
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Research Council
QC 201310302013-10-302013-10-292013-12-06Bibliographically approved