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Surface states characterization and simulation of type-II In(Ga)Sb quantum dot structures for processing optimization of LWIR detectors
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of SPIE, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIX, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013, 870433- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Quantum structures base on type-II In(Ga)Sb quantum dots (QDs) embedded in an InAs matrix were used as active material for achieving long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) photodetectors in this work. Both InAs and In(Ga)Sb are narrow band semiconductor materials and known to possess a large number of surface states, which apparently play significant impact for the detector's electrical and optical performance. These surface states are caused not only by material or device processing induced defects but also by surface dangling bonds, oxides, roughness and contaminants. To experimentally analyze the surface states of the QD structures treated by different device fabrication steps, atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements were performed. The results were used to optimize the fabrication process of the LWIR photodetectors in our ongoing project. The dark current and its temperature dependence of the fabricated IR photodetectors were characterized in temperature range 10 K to 300 K, and the experiment results were analyzed by a theoretic modeling obtained using simulation tool MEDICI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013. 870433- p.
, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, ISSN 0277-786X ; 8704
Keyword [en]
In(Ga)Sb quantum dots, LWIR photodetectors, surface states and dark current, Type-II
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133271DOI: 10.1117/12.2015966ISI: 000325262800100ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883754188ISBN: 978-081949495-5OAI: diva2:660663
39th Infrared Technology and Applications; Baltimore, MD; United States; 29 April 2013 through 3 May 2013

QC 20131030

Available from: 2013-10-30 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2013-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Göthelid, MatsGustafsson, OscarHammar, Mattias
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