Public Participation-Potential and Pitfalls
2013 (English)In: Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management, Volume 19 (Radioactivity in the Environment), Elsevier, 2013, 333-345 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
The importance of stakeholder participation in activities that give rise to radiation exposure has repeatedly been emphasized. However, it is often unclear why participation is undertaken and what its purpose is. In this chapter, participation is discussed from the viewpoint of democratic theory. Democratic decision-making has to take place in stable units such as nations and regions. Often, the group of persons affected by a particular decision does not coincide with any of these units. In such cases, other means are needed to ensure that those affected are involved in the decision-making process and have a real influence on its outcome. To achieve this, participatory procedures are needed. This means that such procedures are a necessary component in a well-functioning democracy, making up for the misfit between decision-making units and the groups affected by many decisions. Based on this analysis, five quality criteria for participatory procedures in a democratic society are proposed: representativeness, transparency, impact on the decision, early involvement, and full access to expert knowledge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. 333-345 p.
, Radioactivity in the Environment, ISSN 1569-4860 ; 19
Democracy, Experts, Participation, Procedural justice, Representation, Science-policy relationship, Stakeholders, Transparency
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133374DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-045015-5.00018-6ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883509536ISBN: 978-0-08-045015-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133374DiVA: diva2:661642
QC 201311042013-11-042013-10-312013-11-04Bibliographically approved