Moral Thinking and Radiation Protection
2013 (English)In: Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management, Volume 19 (Radioactivity in the Environment), Elsevier, 2013, 33-51 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
The practical applicability of ethical theories is regrettably limited in many areas of application, but in radiation protection it is quite high. This is because radiation protection operates with doses that are measured in numerical units. These numbers can be added up just like the utilities of utilitarianism, and they can be compared to exact limits in ways that conform with deontological ideas. The chapter identifies five contact points, or parallel issues, between moral philosophy and radiation protection. First, should we consider risks and benefits separately for each individual, or should we make one great sum for all effects, irrespective of who is affected by them? Secondly, should the acceptability of risks be determined by weighing against benefits or by the application of general limits for the size of the risks themselves? Thirdly, should all effects be considered, or should sufficiently small effects such as small risks and small radiation doses be left out of our moral deliberations? Fourthly, how should we value future effects? Fifthly and finally, how should individual differences be treated in an ethical discourse aiming at justice?
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. 33-51 p.
, Radioactivity in the Environment, ISSN 1569-4860 ; 19
Applied ethics, Benjamin Franklin, Collective dose, De minimis, Deontology, Discounting, Distributive justice, Equality, Exposure limits, Indetectable effects, Jeremy Bentham, Linear no-threshold model, NIMBY, Radiation dose standards, Radiation ethics, Radiation protection, Risk sensitive individuals, Utilitarianism
Environmental Sciences Ethics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133387DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-045015-5.00003-4ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883537545ISBN: 978-0-08-045015-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133387DiVA: diva2:661939
QC 201311052013-11-052013-10-312013-11-05Bibliographically approved