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Chain dynamics of surfactants in mesoporous silica
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6524-1441
2013 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 15, no 42, 18620-18626 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mesostructured porous materials possess unique surface, structural, and bulk properties that lead to important practical applications. By retaining structure-directing species in the product material, mesostructured organic-inorganic composites are obtained which are of broad interest for fundamental studies of confinement effects and surface interaction on structural and dynamic properties of organic molecules. In the present study, solid state dipolar C-13-H-1 NMR spectroscopy is applied to quantitatively characterize the conformational dynamics of organic surfactants in the mesostructured composite CTAB-MCM41. Such an approach does not require assumptions and adjustable parameters and reflects the changes in conformational dynamics without relying on specific motional models. The conformational dynamics of the surfactant confined in solid hexagonal arrays is compared to that in hexagonal aggregates formed in a concentrated aqueous solution. The study showed that in cylindrical pores of hexagonal mesoporous silica the order parameter gradually decreases towards the end of the chain. The degree of order and the order parameter profile is similar to that observed in hexagonal liquid crystalline phases. However, the mobility of segments close to the head group is more restricted compared to that in the mesophase, as the result of interaction with the solid silica interface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 15, no 42, 18620-18626 p.
Keyword [en]
Solid-State Nmr, Heteronuclear Dipolar Couplings, Mesostructured Materials, Polarization Transfer, C-13 Nmr, Liquid-Crystals, Lipid-Bilayers, Fast Mas, Spectroscopy, Diffusion
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133672DOI: 10.1039/c3cp52562gISI: 000325728400034ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84885589136OAI: diva2:662715
Swedish Research Council

QC 20131108

Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-11-08 Last updated: 2015-02-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Molecular Order and Dynamics in Nanostructured Materials by Solid-State NMR
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Molecular Order and Dynamics in Nanostructured Materials by Solid-State NMR
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Organic-inorganic nanostructured composites are nowadays integrated in the field of material science and technology. They are used as advanced materials directly or as precursors to novel composites with potential applications in optics, mechanics, energy, catalysis and medicine. Many properties of these complex materials depend on conformational rearrangements in their inherently dynamic organic parts. The focus of this thesis is on the study of the molecular mobility in ordered nanostructured composites and lyotropic mesophases and also on the development of relevant solid-state NMR methodologies.

In this work, a number of new experimental approaches were proposed for dipolar NMR spectroscopy for characterizing molecular dynamics with atomic-level resolution in complex solids and liquids. A new acquisition scheme for two-dimensional dipolar spectroscopy has been developed in order to expand the spectral window in the indirect dimension while using limited radio-frequency power. Selective decoupling of spin-1 nuclei for sign-sensitive determination of the heteronuclear dipolar coupling has been described. A new dipolar recoupling technique for rotating samples has been developed to achieve high dipolar resolution in a wide range of dipolar coupling strength. The experimental techniques developed herein are capable of delivering detailed model-independent information on molecular motional parameters that can be directly compared in different composites and their bulk analogs.

Solid-state NMR has been applied to study the local molecular dynamics of surfactant molecules in nanostructured organic-inorganic composites of different morphologies. On the basis of the experimental profiles of local order parameters, physical motional models for the confined surfactant molecules were put forward. In layered materials, a number of motional modes of surfactant molecules were observed depending on sample composition. These modes ranged from essentially immobilized rigid states to highly flexible and anisotropically tumbling states. In ordered hexagonal silica, highly dynamic conformationally disordered chains with restricted motion of the segments close to the head group have been found.

The results presented in this thesis provide a step towards the comprehensive characterization of the molecular states and understanding the great variability of the molecular assemblies in advanced nanostructured organic−inorganic composite materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. 54 p.
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2015:7
mesoporous materials, organic-inorganic nanocomposites, surfactants, liquid crystals, MCM-41, clays, conformational dynamics, solid-state NMR, local field spectroscopy, dipolar coupling, dipolar recoupling, spin decoupling.
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160636 (URN)978-91-7595-424-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-03-20, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

QC 20150225

Available from: 2015-02-25 Created: 2015-02-25 Last updated: 2015-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Kharkov, Boris B.Dvinskikh, Sergey V.
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