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The Green Room: A Giant Leap in Development of Energy-efficient Cooling Solutions for Datacenters
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6139-4400
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
2013 (English)In: Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12) / [ed] A. Håkansson, M. Höjer, R.J. Howlett, L.C. Jain, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, 743-755 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Nowadays, promoting energy-efficient solutions will have a strong return on investment not only economically but also socially and environmentally. As an added value to economic savings, the carbon footprint of the companies will be reduced and contribute to slowing down the environmental degradation and global warming. The IT-sector is no exception in this aspect. Swedish-Finnish Company TeliaSonera has taken a giant leap in the development of energy reduction by introducing the Green Room Concept which combines not only an energy-efficient cooling production but also an efficient way of distributing the cooling air flow inside the room. Both of these technologies will reduce the energy needed for cooling the equipment on their own, but combining them ensures a very energy-efficient datacenter. Although geothermal cooling or free-cooling would be the preferred choice for cooling production, it is dependent on the geographical location and climate conditions of the site, and investment potential of the company and hence not a possible solution in all cases. For these cases, the Green Room can be installed with a conventional chiller-based cooling production and still reduce the energy consumption. The main feature of the Green Room concept is that the air coolers are installed along the length of the room parallel to the cabinet rows which will minimize the air flow complications in the cold aisle. This delivers cold air to the cabinet in a straight flow path to the racks and hence avoids the conventional raised floor to deliver cold air. One of the downsides of raised floor air-distribution is that it usually suffers from maldistribution of cooling air meaning that some racks suffer from inadequate cooling. The improved air flow distribution of the Green Room concept consequently leads to a more efficient cooling system. By carefully ensuring that no cold air bypasses the racks, any unwanted mixture of hot and cold air is also eliminated. In conventional datacenters, this problem usually occurs because proper hot/cold aisle separation is often neglected during construction. Furthermore, while many conventional datacenters face numerous problems as a result of messy cablings both inside and outside of the cabinets, the Green Room concept has managed to resolve these issues thanks to an effective cable management. The research method in this project was to conduct a series of experimental tests to collect as much necessary data as possible. During tests, temperatures inside the cold and hot aile were monitored and recorded. Special emphasis was put on measuring the temperature distribution in the cold aisle as the temperatures reflect the air distribution. Afterwards, the parameters used to evaluate the efficiency of the system were calculated and in some parts, simulated. Finally, the results were compared with other equivalent data and measurement from other datacenters and conclusions were made based on them. In addition to quantitative results based on a variety of calculations, the qualitative characteristics of this approach are also included to provide the readers with a better outlook on the system while being compared to other solutions currently available for datacenters. To assess the energy efficiency of a datacenter, critical measures such as Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE), defined as the total site power consumption divided by the power consumption of the IT-services, as well as the Coefficient of Performance (COP), defined as the power consumtion of the IT-services divded by the power consumtion needed to operate the cooling system. Results show that the PUE with room operational temperature of 22.5 °C can be as low as 1.05 for for a Green Room with geothermal cooling production, 1.11 for free-cooling, and 1.50 for chiller-based cooling production using old chillers and 1.32 for chiller-based cooling production using modern and more advanced chillers as compared to a PUE of 2.0 for a typical raised floor datacenter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013. 743-755 p.
, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018 ; 22
Keyword [en]
Coefficient of Performance, Geographical locations, Geothermal cooling, Operational temperature, Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE), Qualitative characteristics, Quantitative result, Return on investments
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133686DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-36645-1_67ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879447776ISBN: 978-3-642-36644-4OAI: diva2:662784
4th International Conference in Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB´12), Stockholm, Sweden 3 - 5 September 2012

QC 20131119

Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-11-08 Last updated: 2013-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Havtun, HansIzadi, RoozbehEl Azzi, Charles
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