Anchoring Energy Acceptors to Nanostructured ZrO2 Enhances Photon Upconversion by Sensitized Triplet-Triplet Annihilation Under Simulated Solar Flux
2013 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 117, no 28, 14493-14501 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photon upconversion by sensitized triplet-triplet annihilation (UC-STTA) is a promising strategy for boosting the theoretical maximum efficiency of single threshold solar cells, in particular, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Here, we report a substantial increase in the efficiency of UC-STTA on a nanostructured surface, using noncoherent excitation light with intensities as low as 0.5 mW cm(-2), easily achieved under sun illumination. The studied surface was a mesoporous ZrO2 film working as a proxy system for the study of photophysics relevant to DSSCs. A well-known UC-STTA "emitter" dye, 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA), was chemically modified to yield methyl 4-(10-p-tolylanthracen-9-yl)benzoate (MTAB), which was chemisorbed onto ZrO2. The "sensitizer" dye, platinum(II) octaethylporphyrin (PtOEP), was free in butyronitrile (BuN) solution surrounding the ZrO2 nanostructure. A rigorous oxygen removal minimized photodegradation of the dyes and enhanced triplet-triplet annihilation efficiency. The system already approaches the so-called "strong annihilation limit" at light intensities below 8 mW cm(-2). Highly efficient triplet-triplet annihilation is a requisite for the use of UC-STTA in DSSCs. Time-resolved data show that the limiting process in the UC-STTA mechanism of the present system is the dynamic triplet energy transfer step from PtOEP in solution to MTAB on the surface of ZrO2. This result can guide the way toward a better understanding and further efficiency improvement of UC-STTA on nanocrystalline metal oxides.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 117, no 28, 14493-14501 p.
Low-Power, Polymer Nanoparticles, Tio2 Films, Cells, Efficiency, Light, Porphyrin, Emission, Phase, Blue
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133657DOI: 10.1021/jp402477qISI: 000322150100005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84880564317OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133657DiVA: diva2:663268
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Energy Agency
QC 201311112013-11-112013-11-082013-11-11Bibliographically approved