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Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Pipe Flow at Moderately High Reynolds Numbers
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9627-5903
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: Flow Turbulence and Combustion, ISSN 1386-6184, E-ISSN 1573-1987, Vol. 91, no 3, 475-495 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fully resolved direct numerical simulations (DNSs) have been performed with a high-order spectral element method to study the flow of an incompressible viscous fluid in a smooth circular pipe of radius R and axial length 25R in the turbulent flow regime at four different friction Reynolds numbers Re (tau) = 180, 360, 550 and . The new set of data is put into perspective with other simulation data sets, obtained in pipe, channel and boundary layer geometry. In particular, differences between different pipe DNS are highlighted. It turns out that the pressure is the variable which differs the most between pipes, channels and boundary layers, leading to significantly different mean and pressure fluctuations, potentially linked to a stronger wake region. In the buffer layer, the variation with Reynolds number of the inner peak of axial velocity fluctuation intensity is similar between channel and boundary layer flows, but lower for the pipe, while the inner peak of the pressure fluctuations show negligible differences between pipe and channel flows but is clearly lower than that for the boundary layer, which is the same behaviour as for the fluctuating wall shear stress. Finally, turbulent kinetic energy budgets are almost indistinguishable between the canonical flows close to the wall (up to y (+) a parts per thousand aEuro parts per thousand 100), while substantial differences are observed in production and dissipation in the outer layer. A clear Reynolds number dependency is documented for the three flow configurations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 91, no 3, 475-495 p.
Keyword [en]
Wall turbulence, Pipes, Channels, Boundary layers, Direct numerical simulation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133634DOI: 10.1007/s10494-013-9482-8ISI: 000325612100004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885953214OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133634DiVA: diva2:663365
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2010 - 4147 2010 - 6965
Note

QC 20131111

Available from: 2013-11-11 Created: 2013-11-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Lagrangian Particles in Turbulence and Complex Geometries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lagrangian Particles in Turbulence and Complex Geometries
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wall-dominated turbulent dispersed multiphase flows occur in a variety of industrial, biological and environmental applications. The complex nature of the  arrier and the dispersed phase is elevated to a higher level introducing geometrical complexities such as curved walls. Realising such flows and particulate phases poses challenging problems both from computational and also physical point of view. The present thesis tries to address some of these issues Lagrangian computational frame.

In the first step, turbulent flow in straight pipes is simulated by means ofdirect numerical simulation with a spectrally accurate code nek5000 to examine the Reynolds number effect on turbulent statistics. Adding the effect of the curvature to these canonical turbulent pipe flows generates Prandtl’s secondary motion of first kind. These configurations, as primary complex geometries in this study, are examined by means of statistical analysis to unfold the evolutionof turbulent characteristics from a straight pipe configuration. A fundamentally different Prandtl’s secondary motion of second kind is also put to test by means of adding the side-walls to a canonical turbulent channel flow and the evolution of various statistical quantities with varying the duct aspect ratios is discussed.

After having obtained a characterisation of the turbulent flow in the geometries of bent pipes and ducts, the dispersion of small heavy particles is modelled in the bent pipe by means of point particles which are one-way coupled to the flow. For this purpose a parallel Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) scheme is implemented in the spectral-element code nek5000. Its numerical accuracy, parallel scalability and general performance in realistic situations are scrutinised in various situations. Also, the resulting particle fields are analysed, showing that even a small degree of geometrical curvature has a profound impact on the particle concentration maps.

For each of the aforementioned turbulent flow cases new and challenging questions have arisen to be addressed in the present and upcoming research works. Along with an improved understanding of the particle dispersion in the considered complex geometries, the current project is particularly intended to improve the numerical aspects of the current LPT module suitable for largescale computations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. v, 41 p.
Series
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2014:04
Keyword
Direct numerical simulation, wall turbulence, secondary motion
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Engineering Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141909 (URN)978-91-7595-032-7 (ISBN)
Presentation
2014-03-11, E2, Linsdtedsvägen 3, KTH, Stockholm, 14:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish e‐Science Research Center, 76304
Note

QC 20140226

Available from: 2014-02-26 Created: 2014-02-25 Last updated: 2014-02-26Bibliographically approved
2. Particle-laden Turbulent Wall-bounded Flows in Moderately Complex Geometries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Particle-laden Turbulent Wall-bounded Flows in Moderately Complex Geometries
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wall-bounded turbulent dispersed multiphase flows occur in a variety of industrial, biological and environmental applications. The complex nature of the carrier and the particulate phase is elevated to a higher level when introducing geometrical complexities such as curved walls. Realising such flows and dispersed phases poses challenging problems both from computational and also physical point of view. The present thesis addresses some of these issues by studying a coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian computational framework.

The content of the thesis addresses both turbulent wall flows and coupled particle motion. In the first part, turbulent flow in straight pipes is simulated by means of direct numerical simulation (DNS) with the spectrally accurate code nek5000  to examine the Reynolds-number effect on turbulence statistics. The effect of the curvature to these canonical turbulent pipe flows is then added to generate Prandtl’s secondary motion of first kind. These configurations, as primary complex geometries in this study, are examined by means of statistical analysis to unfold the evolution of turbulence characteristics from a straight pipe. A fundamentally different Prandtl’s secondary motion of the second kind is also put to test by adding side-walls to a canonical turbulent channel flow and analysing the evolution of various statistical quantities with varying the duct width-to-height aspect ratios.

Having obtained a characterisation of the turbulent flow in the geometries of bent pipes and ducts, the dispersion of small heavy particles is modelled in these configurations by means of point particles which are one-way coupled to the flow. For this purpose a parallel Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) scheme is implemented in the spectral-element code nek5000 . Its numerical accuracy, parallel scalability and general performance in realistic situations is scrutinised. The analysis of the resulting particle fields shows that even a small amount of secondary motion has a profound impact on the particle phase dynamics and its concentration maps.

For each of the aforementioned turbulent flow cases new and challenging questions have arisen to be addressed in the present research works. The goal of extending understanding of the particle dispersion in turbulent bent pipes and rectangular ducts are also achieved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xii, 71 p.
Series
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2015:09
Keyword
turbulent, complex geometry, particle
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Engineering Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177310 (URN)978-91-7595-785-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-12-04, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 11:01 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish e‐Science Research Center
Note

QC 20151118

Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2015-11-18Bibliographically approved

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Schlatter, PhilippBrethouwer, GeertJohansson, Arne V.

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