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SAR imaging in the presence of spectrum notches via fast missing data IAA
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Optimization and Systems Theory.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5158-9255
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2013 (English)In: Automatic Target Recognition XXIII, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013, UNSP 87440X- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A synthetic aperture radar system operating in congested frequency bands suffers from radio frequency inter- ference (RFI) from narrowband sources. When RFI interference is suppressed by frequency notching, gaps are introduced into the fast time phase history. This results in a missing data spectral estimation problem, where the missing data increases sidelobe energy and degrades image quality. The adaptive spectral estimation method Iterative Adaptive Approach (IAA) has been shown to provide higher resolution and lower sidelobes than comparable methods, but at the cost of higher computationally complexity. Current fast IAA algorithms reduce the computational complexity using Toeplitz/Vandermonde structures, but are not applicable for missing data cases because these structures are lost. When the number of missing data samples is small, which often is the case in SAR with RFI, we use a low rank completion to restore the Toeplitz/Vandermonde structures. We show that the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is considerably lower than the state-of-the-art and demonstrate the utility on a simulated frequency notched SAR imaging problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013. UNSP 87440X- p.
, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, ISSN 0277-786X ; 8744
Keyword [en]
Higher resolution, Iterative adaptive approaches (IAA), Phase history, Radio frequencies, Sidelobe energy, Spectral Estimation, Spectral estimation methods, Spectrum notches, Algorithms, Automatic target recognition, Computational complexity, Frequency bands, Interference suppression, Iterative methods, Radar systems, Spectrum analysis, Synthetic aperture radar
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Telecommunications
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133893DOI: 10.1117/12.2019848ISI: 000323552300028ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84881134147ISBN: 978-081949535-8OAI: diva2:663406
Automatic Target Recognition XXIII; Baltimore, MD; United States; 29 April 2013 through 30 April 2013

QC 20131111

Available from: 2013-11-11 Created: 2013-11-11 Last updated: 2013-11-11Bibliographically approved

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