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Resource Conservative Manufacturing: an essential change in business and technology paradigm for sustainable manufacturing
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5960-2159
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6590-7514
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 57, 166-177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For sustainability of our future societies we need sustainable manufacturing strategies with resource and environment conservation as their integral part. In this perspective closed-loop supply chains are considered as the most feasible solution. However, their implementation within the paradigm of prevailing open-loop product systems seems extremely complicated and practically infeasible. This paper argues for a radical shift in thinking on the closed-loop systems and presents the novel concept of Resource Conservative Manufacturing (ResCoM). The ResCoM concept considers the conservation of energy, material and value added with waste prevention and environment protection as integrated components of the product design and development strategy. It also presents the innovative idea of products with multiple lifecycles where several lifecycles of predefined duration are determined already at the product design stage thus demanding for new design strategies and methodologies. To succeed with this concept ResCoM advocates for new approach to supply chain design and business models as well, where the customers are integral part of manufacturing enterprises and the product design is effectively connected with the supply chain design. This work concludes that the products, supply chains and the business models developed for open-loop product systems are unable to cope with the dynamics of closed-loop systems. The uncertainties associated with product returns are inherent to the conventional concept of lifecycle and closed-loop systems. The ResCoM concept has much better capability in dealing with these uncertainties while developing sustainable closed-loop systems. The presented work outlines and discusses the conceptual framework of ResCoM. A comprehensive work on the strategic and tactical issues in the implementation of the ResCoM concept will follow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 57, 166-177 p.
Keyword [en]
Sustainable manufacturing, Closed-loop supply chains, Remanufacturing, Multiple lifecycle, Resource conservation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133970DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.06.012ISI: 000324661400017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84883451568OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-133970DiVA: diva2:664400
Note

QC 20131115

Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Circular Manufacturing Systems: A development framework with analysis methods and tools for implementation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circular Manufacturing Systems: A development framework with analysis methods and tools for implementation
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The society today lives on the philosophy of ‘take-make-use-dispose.’ In the long run, this is not sustainable as the natural resources and the waste carrying capacity of the earth are limited. Therefore, it is essential to reduce dependency on the natural resources by decoupling the growth from the consumption. In this venture, both the society and the manufacturing industry have a vital role to play. The society needs to shift towards Circular Economy that rests upon the philosophy of ‘take-make-use-reuse’ and the manufacturing industry has to be a major stakeholder in this shift. Despite being proven to be both economically and environmentally beneficial, successful examples of circular systems are few today. This is primarily due to two reasons; firstly, there is a lack of systemic and systematic approach to guide industries and secondly, there is a lack of analysis methods and tools that are capable of assessing different aspects of circular manufacturing systems. Taking on to these challenges, the objective of this research is to bring forward a framework with methods and decision support tools that are essential to implement circular manufacturing systems. The initial conceptual framework with the systemic approach is developed based on extensive review and analysis of research, which is further adapted for industrial implementation. Systematic analysis methods, decision support and implementation tools are developed to facilitate this adaptation. This development has been supported by four cases from diverse manufacturing sectors. Behind each decision support tool, there are analysis methods built upon mainly system dynamics principles. These tools are based on simulation platforms called Stella and Anylogic. Among other things, these tools are capable of assessing the performance of closed-loop supply chains, consequences of resource scarcity, potential gains from resource conservation and overall economic and environmental performance of circular manufacturing systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 120 p.
Series
TRITA-IIP, ISSN 1650-1888 ; 05
Keyword
Circular economy, circular manufacturing systems, resource conservative manufacturing, ResCoM, system dynamics
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Production Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207470 (URN)978-91-7729-403-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-08, Brinellsalen M311, Brinellvägen 68, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
ResCoM: Resource Conservative Manufacturing- transforming waste into high value resource through closed-loop product systems
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 603843
Note

QC 20170522

Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-19 Last updated: 2017-05-22Bibliographically approved

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Rashid, AmirAsif, Farazee M. A.

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