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Comparing aging of graphite/LiFePO4 cells at 22 degrees C and 55 degrees C - Electrochemical and photoelectron spectroscopy studies
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9392-9059
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 243, 290-298 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Accelerated aging at elevated temperature is commonly used to test lithium-ion battery lifetime, but the effect of an elevated temperature is still not well understood. If aging at elevated temperature would only be faster, but in all other respects equivalent to aging at ambient temperature, cells aged to end-of-life (EOL) at different temperatures would be very similar. The present study compares graphite/LiFePO4-based cells either cycle- or calendar-aged to EOL at 22 degrees C and 55 degrees C. Cells cycled at the two temperatures show differences in electrochemical impedance spectra as well as in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra. These results show that lithium-ion cell aging is a complex set of processes. At elevated temperature, the aging is accelerated in process-specific ways. Furthermore, the XPS results of cycle-aged samples indicate increased deposition of oxygenated LiPF6 decomposition products in both the negative and positive electrode/electrolyte interfaces. The decomposition seems more pronounced at elevated temperature, and largely accelerated by cycling, which could contribute to the observed cell impedance increase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 243, 290-298 p.
Keyword [en]
Aging, XPS, LiFePO4, Electrolyte degradation, Lithium-ion battery
National Category
Chemical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133954DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.011ISI: 000324846200038ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84879669120OAI: diva2:664480
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QC 20150630

This article is a revised version of the manuscript "Comparing aging of MCMB graphite/LiFePO4 cells at 22 °C and 55 °C – Electrochemical and photoelectron spectroscopy studies" which is a part of the thesis "Performance of Conventional and Structural Lithium-Ion Batteries"

Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-14 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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Hellqvist Kjell, MariaBehm, MårtenLindbergh, Göran
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