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Modeling of steels and steel surfaces using quantum mechanical first principles methods
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2013 (English)In: Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing VII: selected, peer reviewed papers from the 7th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing (ICPNS'13), June 16-19, 2013, Oulu, Finland, Trans Tech Publications Inc., 2013, Vol. 762, 445-450 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We describe recent progress in first principles materials modelling applied to iron alloys. First principles methods in general have proven to be an effective way of describing atomic level phenomena in solids. When applied to alloys with chemical disorder, however, the widely used supercell methods turn out to be impractical due to the vast variety of different possible configurations. This problem can be overcome using the coherent potential approximation (CPA), which enables the description of a multicomponent alloy in terms of an effective medium constructed in such a way that it represents, on the average, the scattering properties of the alloy. A bulk alloy, in the case of substitutional random alloys, can thus be described with a single atom while a slab is needed to describe surfaces. The exact muffin-tin orbitals (EMTO) method provides a first principles method that can be combined with the CPA in order to describe steels and other multicomponent alloys. We describe the EMTO-CPA method and provide examples of both bulk and surface properties that can be modelled with this method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trans Tech Publications Inc., 2013. Vol. 762, 445-450 p.
, Materials Science Forum, ISSN 0255-5476 ; 762
Keyword [en]
Alloy, Alloy surface, EMTO, Fe-Cr-Ni, First principles calculations, Steels
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134052DOI: 10.4028/ 000324149300068ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84880844724ISBN: 978-303785728-1OAI: diva2:664906
7th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing, ICPNS 2013; Oulu; Finland; 16 June 2013 through 19 June 2013

QC 20131118

Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-15 Last updated: 2014-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Vitos, Levente
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Applied Material Physics
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