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Dynamo effects in magnetorotational turbulence with finite thermal diffusivity
KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
2013 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 770, no 2, 100- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigate the saturation level of hydromagnetic turbulence driven by the magnetorotational instability in the case of vanishing net flux. Motivated by a recent paper of Bodo et al., we here focus on the case of a non-isothermal equation of state with constant thermal diffusivity. The central aim of the paper is to complement the previous result with closure parameters for mean-field dynamo models, and to test the hypothesis that the dynamo is affected by the mode of heat transport. We perform computer simulations of local shearing-box models of stratified accretion disks with approximate treatment of radiative heat transport, which is modeled via thermal conduction. We study the effect of varying the (constant) thermal diffusivity, and apply different vertical boundary conditions (BCs). In the case of impenetrable vertical boundaries, we confirm the transition from mainly conductive to mainly convective vertical heat transport below a critical thermal diffusivity. This transition is however much less dramatic when more natural outflow BCs are applied. Similarly, the enhancement of magnetic activity in this case is less pronounced. Nevertheless, heating via turbulent dissipation determines the thermodynamic structure of accretion disks and clearly affects the properties of the related dynamo. This effect, however, may have been overestimated in previous work, and a careful study of the role played by boundaries will be required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 770, no 2, 100- p.
Keyword [en]
accretion, accretion disks, dynamo, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), turbulence
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134174DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/100ISI: 000320111200018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84878802560OAI: diva2:665138

QC 20131119

Available from: 2013-11-19 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2013-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Gressel, Oliver
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