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A walker used as a lifting device
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management. KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1171-9438
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4068-6794
2014 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 9, no 3, 264-269 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To develop assistive technology that would help an older person to arise from a kneeling position to a standing one. Methods: Developing a prototype, based on an inclusive design and then testing the prototype to verify the approach. The prototype was subsequently tested by a panel of 20 elderly users. These tests were observed and filmed. Participants' experiences of being lifted with the elevation seat were registered with the VIDAR ergonomic assessment system. Result: None of the 20 participants used a walker at that time. In response to a question of whether, assuming they might have to use a walker in the future, they thought that a walker with an elevating seat would be helpful, 18 said that it would. Two of the participants did not believe that they would ever have to use a walker. Conclusion: A simple assistive technology such as a walker equipped with an elevating seat would in many of these cases simplify matters and reduce the distress of people who fall often. In addition, such a device can allow people who fall often to live in their homes longer. For caregivers dealing frequently with people who fall, this assistive device can contribute to decreasing occupational injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 3, 264-269 p.
Keyword [en]
Assisitve technology, elderly, falls, rising from floor
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134203DOI: 10.3109/17483107.2013.825820Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84899126679OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-134203DiVA: diva2:665338
Note

QC 20140618

Available from: 2013-11-19 Created: 2013-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ergonomics at Home: Design for Safe Living and Home Care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ergonomics at Home: Design for Safe Living and Home Care
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The home should represent safety and security for the person who lives there, and this is an important factor for independence and autonomy in very old age. With aging populations, the needs for long-term care increase, care provided by spouses and/or from the growing home care sector. Injuries among these groups are common.

In this study, an ergonomics perspective was applied in the analysis of some basic daily activities performed by old persons and by home care workers, assisting.

  • The postures and movements of home care staff assisting at toilet visits, and transferring persons from wheelchair to toilet, were measured and analysed.

  • Some daily activities related to making food and washing clothes, performed by a group of persons between the age of 75 and 100, were measured and analysed.

  • The task of getting up from the floor – on your own and with the help of a walker equipped with a lifting device – was analysed with the help of older persons and nursing staff. The design was built on the knowledge gained from analysing how older people get up from floor.

  • Requirements for access with a four-wheeled walker in the local built environment were investigated.

Observations were made with the help of video recording. Postures were recorded with the CUELA measurement system. The VIDAR ergonomics evaluation instrument was used to register the participants’ experiences of discomfort and pain during getting up from the floor with or without the walker with a lifting device. Structured interviews were used to find out about older peoples’ experience of using the four-wheel walker.

It is concluded that ageing at home requires improved architectural and technical bathroom design and improved access in the local built environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 59 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2014:1
Keyword
Ergonomics, aging, work posture, four-wheeled walker, home care worker, living at home, accessibility
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140418 (URN)978-91-7501-991-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-02-14, KTH Skolan för Teknik och Hälsa sal 2105, Marinensväg 30, Haninge, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140124

Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-23 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved
2. The Adoption of Ergonomic Innovations for Injury Prevention: Examples from the building construction and health care industries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Adoption of Ergonomic Innovations for Injury Prevention: Examples from the building construction and health care industries
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A good work environment is important for the individual, for industry and for society. The work environment research has, predominantly, targeted identification of problems and the measurement of the size of these problems.

Innovations to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal disorder, MSD, have been introduced in different branches of industry, but with limited success.

Few of the ergonomic innovations developed for the building and construction industry have reached a sufficient level of adoption. Ergonomic innovations in the health care sector are of an incremental character and seem to have similar problems of adoption as the ones in the building and construction industry.

Three examples of ergonomic innovation are examined in the thesis:

  • a glue spreader for floor layers

  • a four-wheel walker with a lifting device

  • a sonographer’s scanning support device

The studies show that an ergonomic innovation is not adopted for prevention of occupational injury unless the innovation also has other relative advantages apart from the ergonomic ones. For the group who already has sustained an injury, it is enough that the ergonomic problems are solved, while the other, symptom-free group, requires other advantages in order to adopt the innovation; increased production economy seems to be the most prominent potential advantage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 44 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2014:6
Keyword
Ergonomics, musculoskeletal disorders, ergonomic innovation, adoption, four-wheel walker, lifting device, sonographer support, floor laying
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Technology and Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158523 (URN)978-91-7595-417-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-01-30, 7093, CHB, Marinens väg 30, Haninge, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150114

Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2015-02-02Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Tore J.

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