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Is The Age of Facility Managers’ Paper Boxes Over?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8557-9469
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8839-0335
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Seamless and accurate hand-over of building information is a major bottleneck in promoting an automated facilities management (FM) practice and an integrated and life-cycle-oriented construction. Few Building Information Modelling (BIM) tools have so far been developed specifically for facility managers. Current data input methods applied for conventional Computerized Maintenance and Management Systems (CMMS) are prone to duplicate information entries and information loss. Such an approach to data management builds up additional costs and seriously hampers fulfilment of environmental goals.

In search of a thorough acknowledgement of both technical and process-based requirements for dealing with the aforementioned deficiencies, this descriptive theoretical study takes a qualitative approach and focuses on status quo and potentials for migration of building information and analytical capabilities from AEC-centric BIM tools to facility managers, owners, and users. Data has been collected mainly through literature and workshops. It has been complemented by a number of exploratory studies on existing technologies. This is a basic research aimed at illuminating the path for further applied research activities.

Results show that the bulk of the FM sector still confronts substantial challenges regarding appropriate access to building information that is often caused by deficiencies with current workflows, contracts, and IT infrastructure. Thorough implementation of established and developing standards such as IFC and COBie to be used in BIM-enabled FM systems entails a complete shift from as-designed and as-built documents to their as-commissioned and as-operated successors. In an interoperable FM information system based on or closely connected to post-constructional BIM technologies, performance data, and sensor data from Building Automation Systems (BAS’s) will be cycled back to inform both better design and better operation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
FM:BIM, facilities management, BIM, CMMS, FM:BIM:BAS
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-134310DiVA: diva2:665801
Conference
CIB World Building Congress,
Note

QC 20131217

Available from: 2013-11-20 Created: 2013-11-20 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Lifecycle Approach towards Building Information Management: Technical and procedural implications for the facility management and operations sector
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Lifecycle Approach towards Building Information Management: Technical and procedural implications for the facility management and operations sector
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A well-structured and coordinated information management practice is central to promoting efficiency in construction. Building information management encompasses authoring, interpretation, communication, coordination and storage of building information. The benefits envisioned by utilizing IT developments such as Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the facility management and operations (FM&O) sector are estimated to be far greater than in other sectors. There is, however, a gap between the knowledge available in the field of building information management and the actual demands of the architectural, engineering, construction and operation (AECO) industry, especially the FM&O sector.

The overall aim of this qualitative research is to develop knowledge that conceptualizes the lifecycle supporting implementation of BIM in the AECO industry with a focus on its implications for a BIM-enabled FM&O practice. This applied research comprises a number of summative and formative components: paper 1 investigates the existing and emerging information management systems for the FM&O sector and their characteristics. The focus of paper 2 is narrowed down to the technical requirements on building information management systems; while its temporal scope spans the entire lifecycle of buildings. Paper 3 is a further elaboration on the findings of paper 1 and covers the technical requirements of BIM-implementation in the FM&O sector. Paper 4 investigates workflows – another category of the issues identified in paper 1.

Paper 1 aims to provide a general understanding of the importance and implications of implementing BIM-enabled systems in the FM&O sector and also identifies the main categories of the issues associated with this approach. This literary paper reports on a basic research with a descriptive approach and builds upon the information from a non-exhaustive set of literature. In this paper, workflows, contracts and information technology have been identified as three categories of the issues associated with implementing BIM-enabled systems in the FM&O sector.

Paper 2 is also a literary research which draws on the notion of BIM repositories and aims to clarify the technical requirements for a more collaborative building industry as well as depicting the current status of building knowledge management technologies, recent trends and future prospects. Open format BIM repositories have been suggested as the cornerstones of an integrated information management system for AECO firms.

The aim of paper 3 is twofold: firstly, to summarize the current status of the building information management technologies applied in the facility operation activities and identifying prevailing issues; secondly, to devise some technical solutions for those issues based on a case project. In the first part of this study, a summarized description of information management configurations in eleven projects were extracted from literature and the technical issues within those systems were identified. Moreover, five major categories of contemporary technical solutions for enhancing information transfer from BIM to FM&O software were designated. Then, a narrative and illustrative representation and reconstruction of an IT-implementation project was developed.

Paper 4 is another literary study which aims to provide the theoretical basis for more focused studies on existing and desired processes in the FM&O sector and their associated information transactions. In this paper, firstly, the more common definitions of the key concepts have been revisited and discussed. Then, the generic types of the processes, activities and organizational roles common to FM&O firms, the types of information required by each actor and how such information are acquired have been presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2015. x, 41 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB-LIC, 2015:3
Keyword
Building Information Modelling, facilities management, facility management and operation, interoperability, building information management, BIM repository, workflow process, BIM, FM&O
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164954 (URN)978-91-85783-48-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-05-06, Sal L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150423

Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-21 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Parsanezhad, PouriyaTarandi, Väino

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