Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity in AACVD-Prepared N-modified TiO2 Thin Films
2014 (English)In: Chemical Vapor Deposition, ISSN 0948-1907, E-ISSN 1521-3862, Vol. 20, no 1-3, 91-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nitrogen-modified TiO2 thin films are obtained, for the first time, from aerosol-assisted (AA)CVD-prepared samples via a post-treatment method involving immersion in liquid ammonia to achieve nitrogen-modified TiO2 and visible-light photo-activity. The resulting modified and unmodified TiO2 films are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy (RS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution (HR)TEM, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, selected area electron diffraction (SAED), UV-vis spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). This shows that the films are approximate to 200nm thick and contain anisotropic crystals of anatase TiO2. XPS shows that the nitrogen is successfully added to the surface of the film interstitially at 0.7 at.-%, but is only present to a film depth of 50nm. The nitrogen doping causes a red shift in the absorption band and a band gap narrowing of approximate to 0.1eV. The surface-bound nitrogen results from the post-treatment method of doping where the films are soaked in liquid ammonia before annealing. The photocatalytic efficiencies of the films under visible light (>385nm) are evaluated by measuring formaldehyde formation from the probe molecule tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris). Hydrogen abstraction from Tris, obtained from, e.g., photocatalytically produced OH radicals, leads to formaldehyde formation which is then detected through a modified version of the Hantzsch reaction. The results show that the N-modified film possess remarkable photocatalytic properties with an apparent photochemical quantum yield of approximate to 8%. Nitrogen-modified TiO2 thin films are obtained from aerosol-assisted (AA)CVD-prepared samples via a post-treatment method of immersion in liquid ammonia and calcining at 500 degrees C. The films are characterized and shown to have visible light photocatalytic activity. Visible light photoactivity is shown by measuring formaldehyde formation from the probe molecule tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 20, no 1-3, 91-97 p.
AACVD, N-modified TiO2, Photocatalysis, Tris, Visible light
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134317DOI: 10.1002/cvde.201307086ISI: 000332380300012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84901688668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-134317DiVA: diva2:665864
QC 20140625. Updated from manuscript to article in journal.2013-11-212013-11-212014-06-25Bibliographically approved