Staged Lean Catalytic Combustion of Gasified Biomass for Gas Turbine Applications: an Experimental Approach to Investigate Performance of Catalysts
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
Emission demands for gas turbine utilization will become more stringent in the coming years. Currently different techniques are used to reach low levels of NOx emissions. One possible solution is the Staged Lean Catalytic Combustion. In this concept a catalysts arrangement is used to generate high temperature combustion gases. The high temperature gases could be used to feed a second combustion stage in which more fuel is injected.
In this work a series of experiments were performed at the Catalytic Combustion High Pressure Test Facility at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden. The fuel used was a simulated gasified biomass and the catalytic combustor consisted of an arrangement of different catalysts, e.g. bimetallic, hexaaluminates, and perovskites catalysts. These were used as, ignition catalyst, medium temperature catalyst and high temperature catalyst respectively.
The tests were performed between 5 and 13.5 bar, and the overall conversion varied between 60% and 70% and the temperature of flue gases could reach 750°C and contains high level of oxygen. The determining factor to control the exit gas temperature was the richness of the mixture (λ value). On the other hand, the increased pressure had a moderate negative effect in the overall fuel conversion. This effect is stronger at leaner mixtures compared to richer ones. Moreover, λ value and also pressure affected the temperature distribution along the reactor.
The utilization of a lean catalytic combustion approach makes possible the use of a post catalytic combustion. In this region additional fuel is injected to fully burn the exiting gases and increase the exit temperature to the desired levels. This staged lean catalytic combustion approach could resemble moderate levels exhaust gas recirculation techniques and/or high air temperature combustion and it is also briefly examined in the present work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134605DOI: 10.1115/GT2013-95339ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84890216723ISBN: 978-0-7918-5513-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-134605DiVA: diva2:666960
ASME Turbo Expo 2013, June 3-7, 2013, San Antonio, Texas
QC 201311252013-11-252013-11-252014-04-09Bibliographically approved