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Integration of Design for Environment in the vehicle manufacturing industry in Sweden: Focus on practices and tools
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2664-8783
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Design for Environment (DfE) promotes the systematic consideration of environmental aspects during product design and development. Despite the maturity of concepts and tools in literature, efficient implementation in industries is reported to be low. A need to bridge this gap is identified with studies that look on DfE practices as well as the use and potential of DfE tools.

This thesis is part of a research project that investigates DfE practices and the use of tools during vehicle design and development. The aim is to investigate the ways that environmental constraints can be efficiently integrated into product development processes thus assist in improving the environmental performance of products from a life cycle perspective. The scope of the study includes four vehicle manufacturing companies in Sweden. The development and utilization of tools has been also investigated aiming to increase the opportunities for effective use within this product category. Case study methodology, research interviews and literature reviews constitute the research strategy followed in this work.

The empirical results presented in this thesis indicated that vehicle manufacturing companies in Sweden are continually working to improve the environmental performance of their products and meet legal and costumer demands. Despite similarities regarding the type of environmental requirements considered, the companies studied have adopted different ways to identify and integrate environmental requirements into their product development process and use DfE tools to different extents. Such variations reflect differences in the success and maturity levels of the DfE practices adopted.

A need for increased and more systematic use of tools is identified for all studied companies and especially for analytical tools. Results from the literature review showed that a variety of tools are available that have the potential to support vehicle design processes. However, only a few cover a broad set of aspects identified to be relevant from a vehicle design perspective. For DfE tools to become effective and be used during product development, they need to cover aspects that are relevant for the company and product designers. A need towards the development of tools that assist vehicle or product designers in general, to make informed and comprehensive choices based on a variety of requirements associated to the product, is identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , iv, 43 p.
Series
TRITA-INFRA-FMS-LIC, 2013:01
Keyword [en]
Design for Environment (DfE), ecodesign, vehicle design, DfE tools, ecodesign tools, product development, integrated product development
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134804ISBN: 978-91-7501-956-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-134804DiVA: diva2:668116
Presentation
2013-12-20, L51, Drottning Kristinas v. 30, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Coupling Materials Environmental Analysis - Environmental Effects
Available from: 2013-12-04 Created: 2013-11-28 Last updated: 2013-12-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Empirical study on integration of environmental aspects into product development: processes, requirements and the use of tools in vehicle manufacturing companies in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empirical study on integration of environmental aspects into product development: processes, requirements and the use of tools in vehicle manufacturing companies in Sweden
2014 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 81, 34-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An empirical study was conducted on integration of environmental aspects and requirements into four vehicle manufacturing companies in Sweden. The aim was to gain insights into how Design for Environment (DfE) is organised in these companies and, thus help bridge the gap between methodological development and practice. The processes for identifying and integrating environmental aspects into product development, the type of environmental requirements considered and the use of different types of DfE tools were investigated through semi-structured interviews.

Despite similarities regarding the type of environmental requirements considered and the major drivers for these, the companies studied have adopted different ways to identify and integrate environmental requirements into their product development process and use DfE tools to differing extents. Such variations reflect differences in the success and maturity levels of the DfE practices adopted. When compared to success factors mentioned in the existing literature, the study concluded that some components needed for efficient integration of environmental aspects into the product development process of all participating companies are lacking. Some of the companies had a greater need for measures that would increase systematic integration of environmental requirements during design decisions. Others first need to establish the processes (in terms of people and use of supporting tools) that could enable such integration.

Keyword
Design for environment, DfE tools, Ecodesign, Environmental requirements, Product development, Vehicle design
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134802 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.06.001 (DOI)000341348600003 ()2-s2.0-84905571028 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20141003

Available from: 2013-11-28 Created: 2013-11-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. Overview of Design for Environment tools and investigation of their application potential within vehicle design and development processes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overview of Design for Environment tools and investigation of their application potential within vehicle design and development processes
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

This paper provides a compilation of 31 Design for Environment (DfE) tools that are available today and investigates the potential of those tools to be used during vehicle design processes. The assessment is based on a variety of parameters that cover methodological characteristics of the identified tools but also aspects that are relevant from a vehicle design perspective. The results show that product developers have a rich and diverse toolbox where suitable tools can be selected. When it comes to vehicle design, combinations of DfE tools have the potential to capture the parameters and requirements considered. The paper identifies a need for tools that manage to integrate a multi-criteria perspective related to vehicle design i.e. by incorporating environmental, functional, economic, stakeholder’s and regulation requirements but also for tools that provide possibilities for integration into engineering tools.

Keyword
Design for Environment tools, DfE, ecodesign tools, vehicle design, product development
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134803 (URN)
Note

Paper submitted to the Journal of Engineering Design. QS 2013

Available from: 2013-11-28 Created: 2013-11-28 Last updated: 2013-12-04Bibliographically approved

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