Vehicle to grid: System reference architectures and Monte Carlo simulations
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems, ISSN 1471-0226, Vol. 11, no 2-3, 205-228 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Recent data have shown that it could be profitable on some control markets to use Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) as control power resources. The concept where battery driven vehicles such as PHEVs provide ancillary service to the grid is commonly referred to as Vehicle to Grid (V2G). As each PHEV has a limited capacity, it is necessary to have a control system that aggregates a large number of vehicles. This paper investigates what is required in order to design such a system. The result is presented as reference architectures and contains propositions of important components, processes and information needs. It is shown that a PHEV can provide control power in two different ways that in turn generate several different system concepts. A mathematical model is presented that allows comparison between the different solutions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 11, no 2-3, 205-228 p.
Aggregator, Control market, Phev, Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, Reference architecture, V2G, Vehicle to grid, Vehicle to grids, Commerce, Digital storage, Electric vehicles, Mathematical models, Profitability, Monte Carlo methods
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134465DOI: 10.1504/IJVAS.2013.053780ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84877778975OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-134465DiVA: diva2:668823
QC 201506242013-12-022013-11-252015-06-24Bibliographically approved