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Multiaxial mechanical properties and constitutive modeling of human adipose tissue: A basis for preoperative simulations in plastic and reconstructive surgery
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2013 (English)In: Acta Biomaterialia, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 9, no 11, 9036-9048 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A preoperative simulation of soft tissue deformations during plastic and reconstructive surgery is desirable to support the surgeon's planning and to improve surgical outcomes. The current development of constitutive adipose tissue models, for the implementation in multilayer computational frameworks for the simulation of human soft tissue deformations, has proved difficult because knowledge of the required mechanical parameters of fat tissue is limited. Therefore, for the first time, human abdominal adipose tissues were mechanically investigated by biaxial tensile and triaxial shear tests. The results of this study suggest that human abdominal adipose tissues under quasi-static and dynamic multiaxial loadings can be characterized as a nonlinear, anisotropic and viscoelastic soft biological material. The nonlinear and anisotropic features are consequences of the material's collagenous microstructure. The aligned collagenous septa observed in histological investigations causes the anisotropy of the tissue. A hyperelastic model used in this study was appropriate to represent the quasi-static multiaxial mechanical behavior of fat tissue. The constitutive parameters are intended to serve as a basis for soft tissue simulations using the finite element method, which is an apparent method for obtaining promising results in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 11, 9036-9048 p.
Keyword [en]
Biaxial tensile test, Constitutive parameters, Human abdominal adipose tissue, Multiaxial mechanical properties, Triaxial shear test
National Category
Bio Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136104DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.06.011ISI: 000326902500026ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84885052737OAI: diva2:676035

QC 20131205

Available from: 2013-12-05 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-16Bibliographically approved

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Holzapfel, Gerhard
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Solid Mechanics (Dept.)
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