Concentration of ammonium from municipal wastewater using ion exchange process
2013 (English)In: Desalination, ISSN 0011-9164, E-ISSN 1873-4464, Vol. 329, 93-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The scope of this study is concentration of ammonium from municipal wastewater using ion exchange process. Four types of ion exchange materials were tested in packed bed columns, namely strong and weak acid cation exchange resins and natural and synthetic zeolites. In total 23 runs of saturation and regeneration were done using synthetic wastewaters of different kinds and pretreated municipal wastewater. Due to its high exchange capacity and fast regeneration strong acid cation exchange resin was found to be the most suitable for ammonium concentration under condition that selectivity of ammonium removal is not of a main concern and it allows concentrating ammonium from 27 to 580mg NH4-N/L. If selective ammonium removal is required, natural zeolite should be used instead. Regeneration with 0.17M HCl and 0.17-0.51M NaCl was tested and suitability of different regenerants for different technologies of spent regenerant treatment was discussed. It was shown that electric conductivity measurements can be used for detection of breakthrough and estimation of ammonium concentration in outflow from an ion exchange column. Breakthrough curve fitting with Thomas and Adams-Bohart models was performed which gave information about the maximum exchange capacity of materials and kinetics of ion exchange.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 329, 93-102 p.
Ammonium, Concentration process, Electric conductivity, Ion exchange, Wastewater
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136096DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2013.09.009ISI: 000326614100013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84884942760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-136096DiVA: diva2:676149
QC 201312052013-12-052013-12-032014-02-19Bibliographically approved