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Dynamic voltage regulation using SVCs: A simulation study on the Swedish national grid
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electric Power Systems.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Voltage stability is a major concern when planning and operating electrical power systems.As demand for electric power increases, power systems are stressed more and more. TheFACTS family of components were introduced to utilize the existing grid to a higherdegree, while still maintaining system stability.This thesis investigates if the addition of another SVC to the Swedish national gridcould increase the power transfer from north to south. Placement of the SVC was basedon two different indices used to indicate weak areas of the grid; the Q-V sensitivity indexand the V CPI index.Simulations were performed with both the added SVC and regular switched shuntcompensation and the results were compared against each other. Studies were alsoperformed to investigate the effect of an SVC installed at the grid connection of a large(1000 MW) wind farm. Simulations were performed where the wind farm was modeledby either doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) or single cage induction generators.This simulation study was performed using PSSTME, based on a detailed model ofthe Nordic power system as it existed in 2007.The studies showed that adding a ±200 MVAr SVC to the Swedish national gridcould increase the power transfer by 150 MW, where an equally rated switched shuntcapacitor/reactor would result in a 100 MW increase. In these studies, the transfercapacity was limited by voltage collapse situations.However, installing the same ±200 MVAr SVC at the connection of a large windfarm showed an increase in power transfer by 1000 MW, while the switched shuntcompensation only resulted in a 500 MW increase. In the simulations that showed thegreatest increase in transfer capacity, the added wind farm was modeled by single-cageinduction generators. In this case the transfer capacity was limited by transient stabilityproblems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 81 p.
EES Examensarbete / Master Thesis, XR-EE-EPS 2013:003
Keyword [en]
Voltage stability, FACTS, SVC
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136869OAI: diva2:677380
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Electrical Engineering
Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-09 Last updated: 2013-12-19Bibliographically approved

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