The Concept of “Best Practice” Applied to Energy Access Interventions: Developing and Testing a Framework
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The poor in rural areas of developing countries continue to face the challenges of energy poverty. Lack of energy access and its impact on health, education and income, remain a significant cause of poverty. While many energy access projects and programmes have been implemented in developing countries, there have been varying levels of performances of expanding energy access to the rural poor.
In this thesis, proposed Expanding Energy Access Intervention (EEAI) framework is an initial attempt to identify and encourage the concept of "Best Practice" for characterizing and evaluating different interventions aimed at expanding access to modern energy services.
The main study addresses two challenges: the absence of a universally accepted definition of "Best Practice" on expanding energy access interventions; and the difficulty of measuring energy access interventions in a composite manner. To overcome these challenges, an in-depth parameterized evaluation method has been suggested to provide decision makers a tool to track progress on the performances of expanding energy access interventions.
The potential framework builds upon a five-dimensional pentagon to address multiple interactions and to calculate trade-offs so as to illustrate the "Best Practice" concept. The study is rooted in the Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development Energy Access Knowledge Base (GEAKB), contains two sections: non-Chinese cases and Chinese cases. Due to the complexity and multidimensionality of EEAI, a composite index along with the concept of the "Best Practice" is employed.
Through multi criteria analysis, observations from case studies are used to reflect different aspects of the "Best Practice" concept in different scopes. Two of the selected practices qualify as the "best" by fulfilling the requirements (have the minimum gap between the ideal pentagon) used in the identification and application processes. Computed scores of interventions from case studies indicate the framework and approach are feasible and fit the conclusions of existing references.
The EEAI framework allows users to synthesize various information and data quickly, effectively and efficiently. Meanwhile, it could be used as a valuable guideline to promote the "Best Practice" concept for energy access project planning and implementation. The framework also provides a possible involvement for everyone to have transparent discussions. This study will be of value to police-makers and development practitioners in the fields of expanding access to modern energy services.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 99 p.
Best Practice; Energy Access; Framework
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-137062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-137062DiVA: diva2:677867
Master of Science - Innovative Sustainable Energy Engineering
2013-11-01, Lyngby, Denmark, 15:30 (English)
Howells, Mark, Prof.Mackenzie, Gordon, Prof.
Howells, Mark, Prof.
Online defense2013-12-202013-12-102013-12-20Bibliographically approved