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Optimal correction in spectacles: Intervention effects on eyestrain and musculoskeletal discomfort among postal workers
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5338-0586
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 3, 329-337 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The static posture of postal workers when sorting mail can lead to musculoskeletal discomfort. Research has shown a connection between eyestrain and upper-body musculoskeletal discomfort in general, including postal workers. A previous study of postal workers found that most of those with eye strain were in need of a new correction in their existing spectacles.

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate intervention effects on eyestrain and musculoskeletal discomfort with new spectacles for postal workers.

METHODS: Postal workers subjectively reported eyestrain, musculoskeletal discomfort and their opinions of the visual environment via questionnaires pre- and post-intervention. After an eye examination the postal workers were divided into two groups: those who needed new spectacles and those who did not.

RESULTS: Those who needed new spectacles showed a higher prevalence of eyestrain and musculoskeletal discomfort pre-intervention. Post-intervention, the postal workers rated their vision better and the average eyestrain and musculoskeletal discomfort decreased for both groups. These workers also experienced a decrease in discomfort on the left (static) side of the neck while sorting mail.

CONCLUSION: An intervention providing the optimal correction reduces eyestrain and decreases musculoskeletal discomfort, especially from the neck.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 47, no 3, 329-337 p.
Keyword [en]
Mail, work posture, neck, static, dynamic, visual ergonomics, lenses, glasses
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-137426DOI: 10.3233/WOR-131773ISI: 000333080700006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84900434474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-137426DiVA: diva2:678952
Note

QC 20140129

Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Eklund, Jörgen

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