Sweden-Norway at the Berlin Conference 1884-85: History, national identity-making and Sweden's relations with Africa
2013 (English)Report (Refereed)
The international image of Sweden is one of a small, democratic and peace-loving country without the moral burden of a colonial past. This image has been reproduced in Swedish government policy as well as in most historical accounts. However, in this Current African Issues publication, the notion that “Sweden lacks a colonial past in Africa” is brought into question. The Berlin Conference 1884-85 is perhaps the most infamous political event in the history of European domination of Africa. At the conference, the rules for colonisation of Africa were agreed upon among a handful of white men. With the blessing of King Oscar II, the united kingdoms of Sweden-Norway participated in the Berlin conference, ratified the resulting convention and signed a trade agreement with King Leopold’s International Congo Association. Thereafter, hundreds of Swedish militaries, seamen and missionaries took an active part in the colonial project in the Congo. What was Sweden-Norway really doing at the Berlin Conference and in the ensuing Scramble for Africa? Is it now time to re-assess Swedish identity in relation to Africa, an identity so far centered on colonial innocence?
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2013. no 53, 54 p.1-52 p.
, Current African issues, ISSN 0280-2171 ; 53
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-137667ISBN: 978-91-7106-738-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-137667DiVA: diva2:679438
ProjectsSweden and the Origins of Natural Resources Colonialism
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201406262013-12-162013-12-162016-09-30Bibliographically approved