Public transportation systems for urban planners and designers: The urban morphology of public transportation systems
2013 (English)In: Urban Public Transportation Systems 2013 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Urban Public Transportation Systems / [ed] Steven L. Jones, Jr., Ph.D., M.ASCE, Paris, France: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2013, 75-89 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
The ambition in European cities is to create an integrated, multimodal transportation system which fully exploits the potential of public transportation. The "compact city" and "multimodality" are new fashionable buzzwords. But many, especially smaller cities in Europe developed rapidly in the second half of the 20th century in the years of rapid motorization and decentralization of cities. These cities were designed for the private car and are dominated by individual mobility. The change from a city for a private car to multimodal public transport cities demands major urban transformation. In this article the public transportation systems are seen through a perspective of a morphological concept in urban planning and design established by Kevin Lynch. The public transportation infrastructures are combinations of paths and nodes that disperse distinctive attractiveness pattern of desirability cores that shapes the neighborhoods. There are many examples of integration public transportation systems shaped the urban form. A "public transport city" is a section of a city that historically adapted to specific public transportation systems. There are four distinctive public transport cities which unfold consistent and unique urban form and mobility patterns. Each public transport city has different urban morphology with weaknesses and strengths important for urban designers, planners and developers especially when there is a need to introduce new public transportation systems in urban areas dominated by private cars.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris, France: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2013. 75-89 p.
Individual mobility, Mobility pattern, Multi-modal transportation systems, Planning and design, Public transport, Public transportation, Public transportation systems, Urban morphology
Transport Systems and Logistics Civil Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138259DOI: 10.1061/9780784413210.008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84892708414ISBN: 978-0-7844-1321-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-138259DiVA: diva2:680660
3rd International Conference on Urban Public Transportation Systems 2013; Paris; France; 17 November 2013 through 20 November 2013
QC 201403262013-12-182013-12-182014-03-26Bibliographically approved