Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Surface functionalized nanofibers for the removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Functional Materials, FNM.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Functional Materials, FNM.
Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm Universtiy, Stockholm, Sweden.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
Show others and affiliations
2014 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, E-ISSN 1873-3212, Vol. 245, 201-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers functionalized with amine groups (PAN-NH2) were prepared using a simple one-step reaction route. The PAN-NH2 nanofibers were investigated for the removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions. The adsorption and the kinetic characteristics were evaluated in batch process. The adsorption process showed pH dependence and the maximum Cr(VI) adsorption occurred at pH = 2. The Langmuir adsorption model described well the experimental adsorption data and estimated a maximum loading capacity of 156 mg/g, which is a markedly high value compared to other adsorbents reported. The kinetics studies indicated that the equilibrium was attained after 90 min and the experimental data followed a pseudo-second order model suggesting a chemisorption process as the rate limiting step. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) revealed that the adsorption of Cr(VI) species on PAN-NH2 was facilitated through both electrostatic attraction and surface complexation. High desorption efficiency (> 90%) of Cr(VI) was achieved using diluted base solutions that may allow the reuse of PAN-NH2 nanofibers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 245, 201-209 p.
Keyword [en]
Nanofibers, Polyacrylonitrile, Adsorption, Chromium
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138316DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.02.034ISI: 000335275200025Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84896750603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-138316DiVA: diva2:680847
Note

QC 20140611. Updated from submitted to published.

Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Functionalized nanomaterials for the removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functionalized nanomaterials for the removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. 76 p.
Series
Trita-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2013:07
Keyword
adsorption, chromium(VI), extractant, nanofiber, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138512 (URN)978-91-7501-954-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-12-18, Sal/Hall Darlington, Electrum, KTH-ICT, Isafjordsgatan 26, Kista, 11:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20131219

Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-19Bibliographically approved
2. Application of Nanomaterials for the Removal of Hexavalent Chromium and their Biological Implications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of Nanomaterials for the Removal of Hexavalent Chromium and their Biological Implications
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) stated that chromium in the form of Cr(VI) has been deemed to be a class-A human carcinogen. It has been a major contaminant associated with wastewater. Moreover, the existence of heavy metals in aquatic systems is a critical concern for the environment as well as industries that manufacture or consume these particular elements. In order to remove these particular toxic metals, several well-known conventional methods including ion-exchange, filtration and adsorption are used. Amongst these methods, adsorption offers significant advantages such as the low-cost materials, ease of operation and efficiency in comparison to the other conventional methods.

The aim of this work was to develop nanomaterials (particles and fibers) to address some critical issues for the treatment of heavy metals, especially chromium in aqueous systems. Furthermore, the use of nanomaterials and how they relate to nanoscale operations at the biological level has generated considerable concerns in spite of their novel properties.

The first part of this thesis deals with the synthesis and characterizations of Fe3O4, magnetite, as nanoparticles which were further coated with surfactants bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)dithiophosphinic acid, Cyanex-301, and 3-Mercaptopropionic acid with the active compound being the thiol (SH) groups, that will suffice as a viable material for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. The proposed mechanism was the complexation between the thiol group on Cyanex-301 and 3-Mercaptopropionic acid, respectively. The effect of different parameters on the adsorption including contact time, initial and final Cr(VI) ion concentration and solution pH was investigated.

The second part of this thesis encompassed the fabrication of flexible nanocomposite materials, with a large surface area and architecture for the removal of Cr(VI) in batch and continuous flow mode. A technique known as electrospinning was used to produce the nanofibers. The flexible yet functional materials architecture has been achieved by growing ZnO nanorod arrays through chemical bath deposition on synthesized electrospun poly-L-lactide nanofibers. Moreover, polyacrylonitrile nanofibers (PAN) were synthesized and adapted by the addition of hydroxylamine hydrochloride to produce amidoxime polyacrylonitrile nanofibers (A-PAN). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to identify the morphologies and particle sizes whereas Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to identify either the presence or absence of functional groups for the formation of PAN and A-PAN nanofibers. The optimization of functionalized nanoadsorbents to adsorb Cr(VI) was also carried out to investigate the effect of experimental parameters: contact time, solution pH, initial, final and other metal ion concentration. Commercially manufactured pristine engineered (TiO2, ZnO and SiO2) nanoparticles and lab-made functionalized (Fe3O4 and CeO2) nanoparticles were studied while the powders were suspended in appropriate media by Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) to identify their cytotoxicity effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. 76 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2016:4
Keyword
Nanomaterials, Chromium, Biology
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-179871 (URN)978-91-7595-813-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-01-29, sal D2, Lindstedisvägen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160111

Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Toprak, Muhammet S.

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Avila, MartaBurks, TerranceGöthelid, MatsToprak, Muhammet S.Muhammed, MamounUheida, Abdusalam
By organisation
Functional Materials, FNMMaterial Physics, MF
In the same journal
Chemical Engineering Journal
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 249 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf