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Formation of Nanofoam carbon and re-emergence of Superconductivity in compressed CaC6
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2013 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 3, 3331- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pressure can tune material's electronic properties and control its quantum state, making some systems present disconnected superconducting region as observed in iron chalcogenides and heavy fermion CeCu2Si2. For CaC6 superconductor (T-c of 11.5 K), applying pressure firstTc increases and then suppresses and the superconductivity of this compound is eventually disappeared at about 18 GPa. Here, we report a theoretical finding of the re-emergence of superconductivity in heavily compressed CaC6. The predicted phase III (space group Pmmn) with formation of carbon nanofoam is found to be stable at wide pressure range with a Tc up to 14.7 K at 78 GPa. Diamond-like carbon structure is adhered to the phase IV (Cmcm) for compressed CaC6 after 126 GPa, which has bad metallic behavior, indicating again departure from superconductivity. Re-emerged superconductivity in compressed CaC6 paves a new way to design new-type superconductor by inserting metal into nanoporous host lattice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 3, 3331- p.
Keyword [en]
Augmented-Wave Method, Crystal-Structures, Pressure, Graphene
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-138361DOI: 10.1038/srep03331ISI: 000327530200001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84888628778OAI: diva2:681775
Swedish Research Council

QC 20131220

Available from: 2013-12-20 Created: 2013-12-19 Last updated: 2013-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Ahuja, Rajeev
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Applied Material Physics
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