Hyaluronan and Phospholipid Association in Biolubrication
2013 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 14, no 12, 4198-4206 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is becoming increasingly clear that the outstanding lubrication of synovial joints is achieved by a sophisticated hierarchical structure of cartilage combined with synergistic actions of surface-active components present in the synovial fluid. In this work we focus on the association of two components of the synovial fluid, hyaluronan and dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline (DPPC), in bulk solution and at interfaces. We demonstrate that hyaluronan associates with DPPC vesicles and adsorbs to supported DPPC bilayers. The association structures formed at the interface are sufficiently stable to allow sequential adsorption of DPPC and hyaluronan, whereby promoting the formation of thick composite layers of these two components. The lubricating ability of such composite layers was probed by the AFM colloidal probe technique and found to be very favorable with low friction coefficients and high load bearing capacity. With DPPC as the last adsorbed component, a friction coefficient of 0.01 was found up to pressures significantly above what is encountered in healthy synovial joints. Hyaluronan as the last added component increases the friction coefficient to 0.03 and decreases the load bearing capacity somewhat (but still above what is needed in the synovial joint). Our data demonstrate that self-assembly structures formed by hyaluronan and phospholipids at interfaces are efficient aqueous lubricants, and it seems plausible that such self-assembly structures contribute to the exceptional lubrication of synovial joints.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 14, no 12, 4198-4206 p.
Supported Lipid-Bilayers, Quartz-Crystal Microbalance, Surface-Active Phospholipids, Articular-Cartilage, Boundary Lubrication, Synovial-Fluid, Aqueous-Solutions, Forces Apparatus, Amorphous Layer, Acid
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139285DOI: 10.1021/bm400947vISI: 000328240400006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84890402874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-139285DiVA: diva2:684604
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research Vinnova
QC 201401082014-01-082014-01-082014-12-02Bibliographically approved