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Effective spatial mapping for coupled code analysis of thermal-hydraulics/neutron-kinetics of boiling water reactors
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
2014 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 63, 461-485 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Analyses of nuclear reactor safety have increasingly required coupling of full three dimensional neutron kinetics (NK) core models with system transient thermal-hydraulics (TH) codes. In order to produce results within a reasonable computing time, the coupled codes use two different spatial description of the reactor core. The TH code uses few, typically 5-20 TH channels, to represent the core. The NK code uses one explicit node for each fuel assembly. Therefore, a spatial mapping of a coarse grid TH and a fine grid NK domain is necessary. However, improper mappings may result in loss of valuable information, thus causing inaccurate prediction of safety parameters. In this article the study of the effectiveness of spatial coupling (channel -refinement and spatial mapping) and developed recommendations for NK/TH mapping are presented. The sensitivity of stability (measured by Decay Ratio and Frequency) to the different types of mapping schemes is analyzed against OECD/NEA Ringhals-1 Stability Benchmark data. Additionally, to increase the efficiency and applicability of spatial mapping convergence, a new mapping methodology is proposed. The new mapping approach is based on hierarchical clustering method; the method of unsupervised learning that is adopted in many different scientific fields, thanks to its flexibility and robustness. The proposed new mapping method is shown to be very successful for spatial coupling problem and can be fully automated allowing for significant time reduction in input preparation and mapping convergence study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 63, 461-485 p.
Keyword [en]
BWR stability, Coupled TRACE/PARCS analysis, Spatial coupling, Hierarchical clustering
National Category
Other Physics Topics Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139262DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2013.07.043ISI: 000327829400052ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883860218OAI: diva2:684680
Swedish Radiation Safety Authority

QC 20140108

Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2014-01-08Bibliographically approved

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