ZnO-InN nanostructures with tailored photocatalytic properties for overall water-splitting
2013 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, Vol. 38, no 36, 16727-16732 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
ZnO-based electrodes for one-step photocatalytic water splitting are designed by incorporating InN. The electronic and optical properties of (ZnO)(1-x)(InN)(x) alloys and ZnO with InN-like cluster formations ZnO:(InN)(x) are analyzed by means of first-principles approaches. We calculate the energy gaps E-g, the band-edge energies relative to the vacuum level, and the optical absorption, employing the GW(o) method to describe single-particle excitations and the Bethe-Salpeter equation to model the two-particle exciton interactions. For ZnO and InN, the valence-band maximum (VBM) is E-VBM approximate to -7.3 and -5.7 eV, and the energy gap is E-g approximate to 3.3 and 0.7 eV, respectively. Incorporating InN into ZnO, the random (ZnO)(1-x)(InN)(x) alloys up-shifts the VBM and down-shifts the conduction-band minimum (CBM). In addition, the presence of InN-like clusters enhances this effect and significantly narrows the band gap. For instance, the VBM and the energy gap for 12.5% InN are E-VBM approximate to -6.5 and -6.1 eV, and E-g approximate to 2.2 and 1.9 eV for the alloy and the cluster structure, respectively. This impact on the electronic structure favors thus visible light absorption. With proper nanoclusters, the band edges straddle the redox potential levels of H+/H-2 and O-2/H2O, suggesting that ZnO-InN nanostructures can enhance the photocatalytic activity for overall solar-driven water splitting.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 38, no 36, 16727-16732 p.
ZnO, InN, Hydrogen production, Alloys, Band gap, Dielectric function
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139276DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.02.071ISI: 000327904500098ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84888001850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-139276DiVA: diva2:685156
FunderSwedish Energy AgencySwedish Research Council
QC 201401092014-01-092014-01-082015-04-23Bibliographically approved