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Comparative study of the nano-composite electrolytes based on samaria-doped ceria for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs)
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
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2013 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 38, no 36, 16524-16531 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ceria-based electrolyte materials have great potential in low and intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell applications. In the present study, three types of ceria-based nanocomposite electrolytes (LNK-SDC, LN-SDC and NK-SDC) were synthesized. One-step co-precipitation method was adopted and different techniques were applied to characterize the obtained ceria-based nano-composite electrolyte materials. TGA, XRD and SEM were used to analyze the thermal effect, crystal structure and morphology of the materials. Cubic fluorite structures have been observed in all composite electrolytes. Furthermore, the crystallite sizes of the LN-SDC, NK-SDC, LNK-SDC were calculated by Scherrer formula and found to be in the range 20 nm, 21 nm and 19 nm, respectively. These values emphasize a good agreement with the SEM results. The ionic conductivities were measured using EIS (Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy) with two-probe method and the activation energies were also calculated using Arrhenius plot. The maximum power density was achieved 484 mW/cm(2) of LNK-SDC electrolyte at 570 degrees C using the LiCuZnNi oxide electrodes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 38, no 36, 16524-16531 p.
Keyword [en]
Electrolytes, Solid oxide fuel cell, Ceria carbonate, Nanocomposites materials
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139272DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.060ISI: 000327904500073Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84887998373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-139272DiVA: diva2:685179
Note

QC 20140109

Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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