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The compact city neighborhood: an emerging new stereotype and model to redevelop the industrial fringe of the historical European city and develop new sustainable suburbs
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
2013 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The compact city surfaced in the European sustainable cities debate in the 1990s and sincethen there are many experiments with intensification and new development in the towns and cities ofNorthern and Western Europe. The new sustainable suburbs in Stockholm, Gothenburg, Helsinki,Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Paris, London and Cambridge, are very similar as cityscapesand urban form. They have recognizable character and emerge as a new European stereotype andmodel for urban development and redevelopment of the abandoned historical industrial zones. Similarconcepts for compact neighborhoods oriented to more sustainable transport modes as walking, cyclingand public transportation is promoted in the USA as Transit-Oriented Development (TOD).Transmissions and convergences of European urban images happened continuously. Pariswith its lavish cityscapes inspired urban reflections throughout Europe in the end of the 19th century.With the international style in the 20th century the urban replications appeared globally almostinstantly. Similar phenomenon is happening with the compact city model today on the historicalindustrial fringe of the cities in Northern and Western Europe. Do we need more replications of urbanmodels in Europe? How attractive is to live in the new sustainable suburbs that look alike? In the end, how sustainable are these neighborhoods?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Architectural Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139368OAI: diva2:686017
20th International Seminar on Urban Form Queensland; Brisbane, Australia, 17-20 July, 2013
BRT-TOD – Vilka krav ställer attraktiv busstrafik av BRT-typ på bebyggelsen?
Vinnova, 2009-01233

QC 20140528

Available from: 2014-01-10 Created: 2014-01-10 Last updated: 2014-05-28Bibliographically approved

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