The aggregated approach in transport research: a morphological discourse on transports and cities
2013 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
The cities throughout the history relied on transports to sustain their urban life. The differenttransport technologies and the need for undisturbed flows of goods and people shaped the cities. Theinteraction between transports and cities has been focus on many disciplines. In my research I focuson urban form at neighbourhood scale exploring the physical and social aspects of theneighbourhoods and their effect on transports. The urban life today is a sequence of temporallyinhabited and interconnected spaces, movable or fixed. The connections between spaces inspire orinhibit contacts and interactions between people. They bend times and continuously shape andreshape spaces, sociabilities and situations. I look at the cities as urban mosaics of neighbourhoods.The neighbourhoods are blocks with dynamic relations or connections that define and redefineterritories. They are designed in certain point in the history by social conditions and preferences notonly towards ways of living, but also towards architectural styles, building types and transport modes.The policies like number of parking places per building or distance from a public transportation stopto a dwelling are examples of design guidelines.The link between public transports and neighbourhoods as well as neighbourhoods and theirparticular character are focuses of my research. The neighbourhoods are complex social and physicalphenomena. They are agglomerations of individuals and buildings, but they are also complexindividuals themselves with own life, countenance and history. Each neighbourhood reflects theplanning paradigms and architectural styles of the age of its development or renewal. Its physicalcharacter is socially judged and reconsidered. It is compared with other neighbourhoods and itsreputation varies when other neighbourhoods emerge or are renewed, when new transporttechnologies emerge, when architectural styles change. Some neighbourhoods are outdated, whileothers regain popularity. The physical character of neighbourhoods links them to different transportmodes too. That is seldom discussed in Sweden and it is very important to be discussed in the debateabout urban transformation of neighbourhoods and adapting them to public transports. Someneighbourhoods emerged or renewed in periods of flâneurs, coaches and carts, some in the motor agesof public buses, trams and trains and private cars. In their existence some neighbourhoods havestubbornly hold onto their distinctive character that shapes the sociabilities and mobilities of theircommunities, while others embraced new technologies. Some neighbourhoods are oriented towardsspecific transport modes, whereas others are multimodal by continuous adaptations to other transportmodes. Can we use the historical regularities in physical form and social perceptions onneighbourhoods to enrich the aggregated approach in transport research? Can we apply theconceptualizations and empirical findings in urban morphology to refine the research approach andmethodology on the interaction between transports and cities?
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
transportation, mobility, aggregated approach, urban form, urban morphology
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139371OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-139371DiVA: diva2:686022
hEART 2013 - 2nd Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 4-6 September, 2013
ProjectsBRT-TOD – Vilka krav ställer attraktiv busstrafik av BRT-typ på bebyggelsen?
QC 201406022014-01-102014-01-102014-06-02Bibliographically approved