Space-Time Dynamics of Crime in Transport Nodes
2014 (English)In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306, Vol. 104, no 1, 131-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article assesses space-time variations of crime rates in underground stations. Drawing on assumptions from time geography, routine activity principles, and defensible space theory, the study investigates daily, weekly, and seasonal variations of crime at underground stations in the Swedish capital, Stockholm. Data from extensive field work at the stations was combined with crime records and passenger flow to test whether stations' environmental attributes affect crime at different times. Geographical information systems, spatial statistic techniques, and modeling underpin the methodology used in the study. Findings show that crimes tend to happen more often in the evening, at night, on holidays, and on weekends. There is also evidence of seasonal variations of crime. In the winter, stations with social disturbance and signs of deterioration show high levels of crime, whereas in the summer, offenses are concentrated in stations nearby alcohol selling outlets. Stations with hiding spots are often targeted for crime during daily peak hours, whereas during holidays, crowded stations and those with alcohol selling outlets attract more criminal activities. Results suggest that the role of the stations' environment on crime causation varies over timean important fact for safety interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 104, no 1, 131-150 p.
cluster analysis, GIS, offenses, space-time dynamics
Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139511DOI: 10.1080/00045608.2013.846150ISI: 000328247600008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84890554315OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-139511DiVA: diva2:687417
QC 201401142014-01-142014-01-142014-02-11Bibliographically approved