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Accessibility for elderly using a four-wheeled walker-an interview and observation analysis
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
2013 (English)In: AAATE Conference 2013, 2013, 27-33 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Accessibility for all is an overall goal in many communities around the world. The UN has the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which Sweden along with many other countries has agreed to follow. The aim with this project was to analyse which environmental difficulties elderly people over 65 years of age experience in their daily life when walking with a four-wheeled walker. The focus area was the surroundings close to their home. It is necessary to learn more about the difficulties for people with disabilities as a base for future development of the built environment. The group of elderly is increasing daily. In Sweden the four-wheeled walker is a commonly used assistive device by the elderly when, for example, their balance decreases; this is why we chose to focus on this specific assistive device.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. 27-33 p.
Series
Assistive Technology Research Series, ISSN 1383-813X ; 33
Keyword [en]
Accessibility Experience, Entrance Doors, Four-wheeled Walker, Stairs, Walking Accessibility
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139455DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-304-9-27Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84889024636ISBN: 9781614993032 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-139455DiVA: diva2:687554
Conference
AAATE Conference 2013, Sept 19-22, Vilamoura, Portugal
Note

QC 20140114

Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-13 Last updated: 2014-01-31Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ergonomics at Home: Design for Safe Living and Home Care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ergonomics at Home: Design for Safe Living and Home Care
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The home should represent safety and security for the person who lives there, and this is an important factor for independence and autonomy in very old age. With aging populations, the needs for long-term care increase, care provided by spouses and/or from the growing home care sector. Injuries among these groups are common.

In this study, an ergonomics perspective was applied in the analysis of some basic daily activities performed by old persons and by home care workers, assisting.

  • The postures and movements of home care staff assisting at toilet visits, and transferring persons from wheelchair to toilet, were measured and analysed.

  • Some daily activities related to making food and washing clothes, performed by a group of persons between the age of 75 and 100, were measured and analysed.

  • The task of getting up from the floor – on your own and with the help of a walker equipped with a lifting device – was analysed with the help of older persons and nursing staff. The design was built on the knowledge gained from analysing how older people get up from floor.

  • Requirements for access with a four-wheeled walker in the local built environment were investigated.

Observations were made with the help of video recording. Postures were recorded with the CUELA measurement system. The VIDAR ergonomics evaluation instrument was used to register the participants’ experiences of discomfort and pain during getting up from the floor with or without the walker with a lifting device. Structured interviews were used to find out about older peoples’ experience of using the four-wheel walker.

It is concluded that ageing at home requires improved architectural and technical bathroom design and improved access in the local built environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 59 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2014:1
Keyword
Ergonomics, aging, work posture, four-wheeled walker, home care worker, living at home, accessibility
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140418 (URN)978-91-7501-991-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-02-14, KTH Skolan för Teknik och Hälsa sal 2105, Marinensväg 30, Haninge, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140124

Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-23 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved

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