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Arsenic mineral dissolution and possible mobilization in mineral-microbe-groundwater environment
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering. (KTH-International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group)
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 262, 989-996 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Arsenic (As) is widely distributed in the nature as ores or minerals. It has been attracted much attention for the global public health issue, especially for groundwater As contamination. The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics of microbes in groundwater where As-minerals were dissolved. An ex situ experiment was conducted with 7 standard As-minerals in bacteria-free groundwater and stored in experimental vessels for 1 year without supplementary nutrients. The pH (6.7-8.4) and EhS.H.E. (24-548mV) changed between initial (0 day) and final stages (365 days) of experiment. The dissolution of As was detected higher from arsenolite (4240±8.69mg/L) and native arsenic (4538±9.02mg/L), whereas moderately dissolved from orpiment (653±3.56mg/L) and realgar (319±2.56mg/L) in compare to arsenopyrite (85±1.25mg/L) and tennantite (3±0.06mg/L). Optical microscopic, scanning electron microscopic observations and flurometric enumeration revealed the abundance of As-resistant bacillus, coccus and filamentous types of microorganisms on the surface of most of As-mineral. 4'-6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)-stained epifluorescence micrograph confirmed the presence of DNA and carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) staining method revealed the enzymatically active bacteria on the surface of As-minerals such as in realgar (As4S4). Therefore, the microbes enable to survive and mobilize the As in groundwater by dissolution/bioweathering of As-minerals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 262, 989-996 p.
Keyword [en]
Arsenic-minerals, As-resistant microorganisms, Bioweathering, Flurometric enumeration, Groundwater
National Category
Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139936DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.07.022ISI: 000329595500118ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84887615952OAI: diva2:687851

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Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2014-02-17Bibliographically approved

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Bundschuh, Jochen
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