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Study on water flow field around a stationary air bubble attached at the top wall of a Circular Pipe
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering.
2013 (English)In: Computational methods in multiphase flow VII, WIT Press, 2013, 323-338 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The presence of bubbles in a pipeline is thought to be one of the reasons to cause the hydraulic-electrical and hydraulic-mechanical facility systems to lose their efficiency. From previous research, the bubble also reduces the effective pipe cross section, which results in a reduction in pipe capacity. The efficiency and service life of pumps and turbines are reduced and shortened consequently. It may even create the interruption of the flow field within blowout phenomenon. As a result, the presence of a bubble in the pipeline is anticipated to create potential hazards. Therefore, it is very interesting to make clear the corresponding variation of a water flow field around a stationary air bubble attached at the top inner-wall of pipe due to the surface problems in contact mechanism of these three phases among the solid wall of pipe, stationary air bubble, and ambient water flow. This study applied flow visualization techniques and high time-resolved PIV to investigate the characteristics of a flow field around a stationary bubble in a fully-developed horizontal pipe flow. Experiments were carried out in a pipe having a constant inner diameter of 9.60 cm and a length of 260.0 cm, yet varied with different bubble volumes (or lengths). Two settling water chambers with different still water levels were connected to both ends of the circular pipe. Titanium dioxide powder being uniformly dispersed in the pipe flow was used as a tracer both for flow visualization tests and for PIV measurements. The results show that a horseshoe vortex and reverse flow at the upstream and downstream of the bubble respectively are commonly seen in all test cases. The experimental results also show that the shape and volume of a bubble highly affect the flow field in the surroundings of the stationary air bubble. Since the bubble surface is slippery, flow velocity exists on the surface of a bubble. As a result, the reverse flow at the end of a long-flat bubble would not affect the velocity on the bubble surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WIT Press, 2013. 323-338 p.
, WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences, ISSN 1743-3533 ; 79
Keyword [en]
Air pocket, Characteristic length (or velocity) scale, Particle image velocimetry, Shear layer, Slippery motion
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-139913DOI: 10.2495/MPF130271ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84887587112ISBN: 978-184564734-6OAI: diva2:688306
7th International Conference on Computational and Experimental Methods in Multiphase and Complex Flow, MPF 2013; A Coruna; Spain; 3 July 2013 through 5 July 2013

QC 20140116. QC 20160209

Available from: 2014-01-16 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Yang, JamesLiu, Ting
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